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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
1. Two Different Nationalities:
In Genesis 10:13 Ludim appears as the firstborn of Mizraim (Egypt), and in Genesis 10:22 Lud is the fourth son of Shem. We have therefore to do with two different nationalities bearing the same name, and not always easy to distinguish. 1 Chronicles 1:11 , 1 Chronicles 1:17 simply repeat the statements of Genesis 10:13 , Genesis 10:22 . In Isaiah 66:19 Lud is mentioned with Tarshish and Pul (generally regarded as a mistake for Phut), Tubal, Javan, and the isles. Accepting this emendation, the passage agrees with Jeremiah 46:9 , where the Ludim are spoken of with Kush and Phut as the allies of Egypt; and also with Ezekiel 27:10 , where Lud is referred to with Persia and Put as soldiers of Tyre. Lud, again, is mentioned with Ethiopia (Gush), Put, all the mingled people, Cab, and the children of the land which is in league (or, margin "the land of the covenant"), which were all to fall by the sword (Ezekiel 30:5 ).
2. The Semitic Lud:
Coming to the Semitic Lud, it is to be noted that the Assyrians called Lydia
3. Not Recognizable as Semitic Later:
Naturally Lydia was not recognizable as Semitic in classical times. The existence of Lud in the neighborhood of Egypt as well as in Asia Minor finds parallels in the Syrian
4. Egyptian Lud Not Recognizable:
Everything points, therefore, to the Semitic Lud and Ludim being Lydia, and the identification may be regarded as satisfactory. It is altogether otherwise with the Egyptian Lud and Ludim, however, about which little can be said at present. The reference to a city which seems to be
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Lud; Ludim'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/l/lud-ludim.html. 1915.