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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
SIMON (a Greek form of Simeon ). 1 . Simon Chosameus, who was found to have a ‘strange’ wife ( Esther 9:32 Esther 9:32 = Ezra 10:31 Sam imeon ). 2 . The subject of the encomium in Sir 50:1 ff., ‘son of Onias, the great (or high) priest.’ It is doubtful if Simon I. or Simon II. (both 3rd cent. b.c.) is meant. 3 . The MaccabÃ¦an high priest and ethnarch, son of Mattathias, slain by his son-in-law Ptolemy, b.c. 135 ( 1Ma 16:16; See Maccabees, 4 ). 4 . A Benjamite, guardian of the Temple in the time of Onias III., who suggested to Apollonius, the governor, to plunder it ( 2M Malachi 3:4 ). 5 . See Peter. 6 . See Simon Magus. 7 . Simon the CananÃ¦an, one of the Twelve ( Matthew 10:4 , Mark 3:13 ). The surname is an Aramaic equivalent of ‘Zealot’ ( Luke 6:15 , Acts 1:13 ). 8 . See Brethren of the Lord. 9 . Simon the Leper, our Lord’s host at Bethany ( Matthew 26:6 , Mark 14:3; cf. John 12:2 ), possibly husband or father of Martha, doubtless cured of his leprosy at some time before the anointing by Mary (cf. Mary, 2 ). 10 . The Pharisee who was our Lord’s host when the sinful woman anointed Him ( Luke 7:40 ). The contradictions between these two stories are so great that it is difficult to suppose that they relate the same event in different versions. Two such incidents may well have happened, and one may have suggested the other (cf. Mary, 2 ). 11 . Father, or brother, of Judas Iscariot, himself surnamed Iscariot ( John 6:71; John 13:26 ‘Judas of Simon Iscariot,’ John 13:2 ‘Judas Iscariot of Simon’). 12 . The Cyrenian who bore our Lord’s cross ( Matthew 27:32 , Mark 15:21 , Luke 23:26 ); See Alexander and Rufus. The followers of Basilides in the 2nd cent. said that Simon was crucified instead of Jesus. 13 . The tanner, Peter’s host at Joppa ( Acts 9:43 ).
A. J. Maclean
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Simon'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/s/simon.html. 1909.