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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
ZADOK . 1 . Founder of an important branch of the priesthood in Jerusalem. The reading of MT [Note: Massoretic Text.] in 2 Samuel 8:17 (= 1 Chronicles 18:16 ) being doubtful, there is no definite information concerning his family except in the genealogical lists in 1 Chronicles 6:4-15; 1Ch 6:50-53; 1 Chronicles 24:3 , in which his descent is traced from Eleazar the elder son of Aaron; but these details are of doubtful reliability. He is first mentioned in 2 Samuel 8:17 , where perhaps he should be associated with Abiathar in the correct text, as he is in 2 Samuel 15:24 ff. He was appointed priest by Solomon in place of Abiathar ( 1 Kings 2:26 f., 1 Kings 2:35 ), because of his own loyalty ( 1 Kings 1:8 ) and the disloyalty of Abiathar ( 1 Kings 1:7 ). From this it is evident that his position hitherto had been inferior to that of Abiathar, although his name regularly has the precedence in Samuel. From the time of Solomon the descendants of Zadok constituted the most prominent family among the priests, the high priests being taken from them till the time of the Maccabees. To Ezekiel the Zadokites are the only legitimate priests ( Ezekiel 40:46; Ezekiel 43:19; Ezekiel 44:16; Ezekiel 48:11 ). 2 . A warrior of David’s, of the house of Aaron ( 1 Chronicles 12:28 ), identified by Josephus ( Ant. VII. ii. 2) with 1, against all probability. 3 . Maternal grandfather of Jotham ( 2 Kings 15:33 , 2 Chronicles 27:1 ). 4 . Son of Baanah (see Ezra 2:2 , Nehemiah 7:7 ), a helper of Nehemiah in re-building the wall ( Nehemiah 3:4 ). 5 . Son of Immer, repairer of a portion of the wall ( Nehemiah 3:29 ). 6 . ‘The scribe,’ probably a priest, appointed a treasurer by Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 13:13 ); perhaps to be identified with 5. 7 . One of the ‘chiefs of the people’ who sealed the covenant ( Nehemiah 10:21 ). 8 . A high priest later than 1 ( 1 Chronicles 6:12 [cf. Ezra 7:2 , Nehemiah 11:11 ] a passage of doubtful historicity). 9 . An ancestor of Joseph the husband of Mary ( Matthew 1:14 [AV [Note: Authorized Version.] and RV [Note: Revised Version.] Sadoc ]).
George R. Berry.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Zadok'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/z/zadok.html. 1909.