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Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament
PLOUGH (ἄροτρον).—The plough is mentioned but once in NT (Luke 9:62), and the act of ploughing twice (Luke 17:7, 1 Corinthians 9:10). The Eastern plough appears to have changed but little since ancient times, the oldest representations closely resembling the implement now in use. It is almost entirely of wood, and is of slight construction, the furrow drawn being only 4 or 5 inches deep in light soil. It consists of a pole about 8 ft. long, in two pieces, with a joint in the middle. Through the butt-end is passed downward and made fast a piece of wood about 5 ft. long, the upper end sloping backward to form the handle. The under end is sharpened, and armed with a piece of iron. This serves as both coulter and share. The handle is grasped with the left hand, the right holding the goad to drive and guide the oxen. To the thin end of the pole is attached a crossbar with yokes which drop upon the necks of the oxen, and are fastened by the yoke-bands. See also art. Agriculture in vol. i., and in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible , i. 49b (where the plough is figured).
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Plough'. Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdn/p/plough.html. 1906-1918.