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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #723 - ἄροτρον

Root Word (Etymology)
from aroo (to till)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. a plough
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4173 ‑ מֹרַג (mo‑rag', mo‑rag');  6256 ‑ עֵת (ayth);  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄροτρον [ ], τό, (ἀρόω)


1. plough, Od. 18.374; πηκτὸν ἄ. Il. 10.353, cf. Thgn. 1201, Pi. P. 4.224, etc.; ἰλλομένων ἀρότρων S. Ant. 340; ἀρότρῳ ἀναρρηγνύντες αὔλακας Hdt. 2.14: pl., Ar. Pl. 515, Mosch. Fr. 4.6. ἡ ἀπ' ἀρότρου πληγή, in boxing, right-handed blow, Paus. 6.10.2, Philostr. Gym. 20.

2. in pl., metaph. of the organs of generation, Nonn. D. 12.46, al.

II ἄροτρα· γῆ, χώρα, πλέθρα, Hsch.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄροτρον, ἀρότρου, τό (ἀρόω to plow), a plow: Luke 9:62. (In Greek writings from Homer down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄροτρον , -ου , τό

(< ἀρόω , to plough),

[in LXX chiefly for H855;]

a plough: Luke 9:62.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἄροτρον occurs in P Rein 17.20 (B.C. 109) ἄροτρον α ̄ ζυγὸν α ̄ (or ἄροτρον ἄζυγον α ̄), P Flor II. 134.1 (A.D. 260) τὸ ταυρικὸν ἅμα τῷ ἀρότρῳ, P Strass I. 32.3 (a business letter, A.D. 261) Μάξιμον. . . ἀπέστειλ ̣α πρὸς σέ, ἵνα αὐτῷ ἄροτρον γένηται. Ἀροτήρ (contracted ἀρ᾽ is found in P Lond 257.200 (A.D. 94) (= II. p. 26) : cf. OGIS 519.21 (iii/A.D.) τοὺς ἀροτῆρας βόας, where Dittenberger refers to Hesiod Op. 405 βοῦν ἀροτῆρα. MGr ἀλέτρι starts from ἀρέτριον, as Prof. Thumb notes.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
άροτρα αροτρον άροτρον ἄροτρον αροτρόποδι άρουραν arotron árotron
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