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Morrish Bible Dictionary
The leading city of the four which beguiled Joshua into making a league with them, on the plea of their being far distant. Joshua 9:3-17 . When the Amorites attacked Gibeon, because they had made peace with Israel, Joshua hastened to their deliverance, and to lengthen the daylight he said, "Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon." Joshua 10:1-41 . The city was afterwards given to Benjamin and made a Levitical city. Joshua 18:25; Joshua 21:17 . In the days of Solomon, before the temple was built, the tabernacle was pitched at Gibeon, and thither Solomon went and offered a thousand sacrifices, and there God appeared to him in a dream, and gave him the desire of his heart wisdom and understanding. 1 Kings 3:4,5; 1 Chronicles 16:39; 1 Chronicles 21:29; 2 Chronicles 1:3,13 . It was near 'the great stone' in Gibeon that Joab treacherously slew Amasa; and in retribution it was to the same city he fled to lay hold on the horns of the altar for protection, but where he was put to death. 2 Samuel 20:8-10; 1 Kings 2:29-34 . Identified with el Jib , 31 51' N, 35 11' E , a village of scattered houses on a hill. On one side of the hill is a copious spring, and lower down the remains of a large reservoir, which is thought to be the 'pool' of Gibeon and its 'great waters.' 2 Samuel 2:13; Jeremiah 41:12,16 . In 1 Chronicles 14:16 we read that David smote the Philistines 'from Gibeon even to Gazer;' but in the parallel passage in 2 Samuel 5:25 it says, David smote them 'from Geba' to Gazer. Keil and others think Gibeon is the place intended.
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Gibeon'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/g/gibeon.html. 1897.