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Morrish Bible Dictionary
There are four Hebrew words so translated, but they are all apparentlyfrom the same root, signifying 'strong, hardy,' and are mostly applied to the oak, which lives to a great age. Three species of the Quercus are known in Palestine, the pseudo-coccifera, aegilops, and infectoria. It is symbolical of strength, and affords shade from the heat of the sun. Genesis 35:8; Joshua 24:26; Isaiah 1:29; Isaiah 2:13; Ezekiel 27:6; Hosea 4:13; Amos 2:9; Zechariah 11:2 . The word elah is judged to refer to the terebinth (pistacia terebinthus), though generally translated oak. Genesis 35:4; Judges 6:11,19; 2 Samuel 18:9-14; 1 Kings 13:14; 1 Chronicles 10:12; Isaiah 1:30; Ezekiel 6:13 .
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Oak'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/o/oak.html. 1897.