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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #352 - אַיִל
1a) ram (as food)
1b) ram (as sacrifice)
1c) ram (skin dyed red, for tabernacle)
2) pillar, door post, jambs, pilaster
3) strong man, leader, chief
4) mighty tree, terebinth
1012) la (אל AL) AC: Yoke CO: Ox AB: Strength: The pictograph a is a picture of an ox head and also represents its strength. The l is a picture of a shepherd staff and also represents the authority of the shepherd. Combined these two pictographs mean "the strong authority" and can be anyone or thing of strong authority. The yoke is understood as a "staff on the shoulders" (see Isaiah 9:4) in order to harness their power for pulling loads such as a wagon or plow. Hence, the two pictographs can also represent "the ox in the yoke". Often two oxen were yoked together. An older, more experienced ox would be teamed up (yoked) with a younger, less experienced ox. The older ox in the yoke is the "strong authority" who, through the yoke, teaches the younger ox. (eng: all; elk; elephant)
Nm) la (אל AL) - Power: One who holds authority over others such as judges, chiefs and gods. In the sense of being yoked to one another. KJV (245): God, god, power, mighty, goodly, great, idols, strong, unto, with, against, at, into, in, before, to, of, upon, by, toward, hath, for, on, beside, from, where, after, within - Strongs: H410 (אֵל)
Nf1) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Oath:A binding agreement including the curse for violating the oath. II. Oak:The strongest of the woods. KJV (50): oak, elm, teil tree, curse, oath, execration, swearing - Strongs: H423 (אָלָה), H424 (אֵלָה), H427 (אַלָּה)
H) ela (אלה ALH) AC: Swear CO: Yoke AB: ?: The yoking together of two parties. A treaty or covenant binds two parties together through an oath (yoke) . The oath included blessings for abiding by the covenant and curses for breaking the covenant (see de28) . The God of the Hebrews was seen as the older ox that is yoked to his people in a covenant relationship.
cm) efla (אלוה ALWH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hla] KJV (2663): God, god, heathen deity - Strongs: H430 (אֱלֹהִים), H433 (אֱלֹהַּ)
V) lai (יאל YAL) - Yoke: The placing of a yoke on the shoulders to perform work or undertake a task. KJV (19): (vf: Hiphil) content, please, would, taken upon me, began, assayed, willingly - Strongs: H2974 (יָאַל)
M) lia (איל AYL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Strength: Anyone or anything that functions as the "strong authority" is seen as the older ox. Such as a ram or stag deer (the strong leader of the flock or heard) , chief (strong leader of the tribe) , pillar (as the strong support of a building) , oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) .
Nm) lia (איל AYL) - Strong One: Anyone or thing that functions with strength like an ox. This can be a ram or stag (as strong leaders) , chief, pillar (as the strong support of a building) , or oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) KJV (197): ram, post, mighty, tree, lintel, oak, strength, hart - Strongs: H352 (אַיִל), H353 (אֱיָל), H354 (אַיָּל)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) a ram, from its curved and twisted horns; see the root אוּל and אִיל, which properly has the sense of rolling, or twisting, Genesis 15:9 pl. אֵילִים Exodus 25:5, and אֵלִים Job 42:8. Intensive of this is אַיָּל.
(2) a term in architecture, crepido portœ, or the projecting ledge surrounding a door at the top and the two sides, often adorned with columns on each side, with a frieze above, with a projection below, die verzierte Ginfaffung der Thür mit Säulenpfoften, Fries und Sockel. 1 Kings 6:31; Ezekiel 41:3 compare Ezekiel 40:9, 21 Ezekiel 40:21, 24 Ezekiel 40:24, 26 Ezekiel 40:26, 29 Ezekiel 40:29, 33 Ezekiel 40:33, 36 Ezekiel 40:36, 37 Ezekiel 40:37, 48 Ezekiel 40:48, 49 Ezekiel 40:49. In pl. אֵילִים crepidines, or projections in front of a building, commonly ornamented with columns or palm trees, between which are spaces occupied by windows, Ezekiel 41:1, 40:10, 14 Ezekiel 40:14, 16 Ezekiel 40:16, 38 Ezekiel 40:38 comp. verses 26 Ezekiel 40:26, 31 Ezekiel 40:31, 34 Ezekiel 40:34, 37 Ezekiel 40:37. The ancient versions sometimes render it posts, sometimes columns; Aquila κρίωμα, as if ram’s-horn-work, i.e. the volutes of columns, especially those of the Corinthian order, elsewhere called κριός; see the copious remarks in Thes. p.43-45. As to the etymology, it is either prop. a projection, prominence, Borfprung, from the root אוּל No. 3, or else, following Aquila, we must regard אַיִל prop. as denoting the capitals of columns, so called from the volutes resembling ram’s horns; hence applied to the whole post or column. Comp. אֵילָם.
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