Morrish Bible Dictionary
The vine was extensively cultivated in Palestine. One sign of peace and prosperity was that every man might sit under his own vine. The grapes were large and plentiful, as was proved by the cluster found at Eshcol and borne by the spies. The illustration of a 'vineyard ' representing Israel was one that would be well understood by them. God had formed it in a very fruitful hill, planted it with the choicest vine, and had done everything possible for its fruitfulness and protection. Yet when fruit was sought, it was found to have brought forth only wild grapes. Eventually God broke down the wall thereof, and the vineyard was trodden down a picture of the state of Israel until now. Psalm 80; Isa.5:1-10.
The Lord when He was upon earth said He was the true Vine, and His disciples were the branches. There could not and cannot be any fruit-bearing but by abiding in Him. John 15:1-5 .
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Vine, Vineyard '. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/v/vine-vineyard.html. 1897.