the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Morrish Bible Dictionary
epheh, ἔχιδνα. All we learn from the passages that speak of the viper is that its bite was poisonous: "the viper's tongue shall slay him." When one fixed on Paul's hand they expected that he would drop down dead. What species of serpent is alluded to is unknown. It is only otherwise referred to in the N.T. as symbolical of evil ones. John the Baptist called the multitude who came to be baptised 'a brood of vipers,' and the Lord applies the same term to the scribes and Pharisees, showing the deadly character of their opposition. Job 20:16; Isaiah 30:6; Isaiah 59:5; Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 23:33; Luke 3:7; Acts 28:3 .
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Viper'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​mbd/​v/viper.html. 1897.