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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2191 - ἔχιδνα
- a viper, offspring of vipers
- addressed to cunning, malignant, wicked men
ἔχιδν-α, ἡ, (ἔχις)
I viper, Hdt. 3.108, S. Tr. 771, Pl. Smp. 218a, etc.; prob. of a constrictor snake, Acts 28:3 : metaph., of a treacherous wife or friend, A. Ch. 249, S. Ant. 531; ἱματισμένη ἔ., of woman, Secund. Sent. 8; γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν brood of vipers, term of reproach, in Matthew 3:7.
II pr. n. of a monster, Hes. Th. 297, S. Tr. 1099.
** ἔχιδνα , -ης , ἡ ,
[in OT (Aq.), Isaiah 59:5*;]
a viper: Acts 28:3; metaph., γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν , Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 23:33, Luke 3:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Ramsay (Luke, p. 63 ff.) has shown that by the ἔχιδνα of Acts 28:3 we are probably to understand a constrictor snake, closely resembling a viper, without poison-fangs, which fixes its teeth firmly into the human skin so as to hang on, without, however, doing any real injury to the skin. The verb καθῆψεν in the sense of ";fastened upon"; rather than ";bit"; (";momordit,"; Blass) is therefore correctly applied to it, as against Harnack Lukas der Arzt, p. 123 f. (E. Tr., p. 177 f.). On γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν as equivalent to the simple ἔχιδναι in Matthew 3:7 see McNeile ad l., following Nestle in ZNTW xiv. p. 267 f.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany