Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, July 24th, 2024
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2191 - ἔχιδνα

of uncertain origin
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a viper, offspring of vipers
    1. addressed to cunning, malignant, wicked men
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (5)
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
BSB (5)
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
CSB (5)
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
ESV (5)
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
KJV (5)
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (5)
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
N95 (5)
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
NAS (5)
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
NLT (5)
Matthew 6
Luke 2
Acts 3
WEB (5)
Matthew 3
Luke 1
Acts 1
YLT (4)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔχιδν-α, ἡ, (ἔχις)

I viper, Hdt. 3.108, S. Tr. 771, Pl. Smp. 218a, etc.; prob. of a constrictor snake, Acts 28:3 : metaph., of a treacherous wife or friend, A. Ch. 249, S. Ant. 531; ἱματισμένη ἔ., of woman, Secund. Sent. 8; γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν brood of vipers, term of reproach, in Matthew 3:7.

II pr. n. of a monster, Hes. Th. 297, S. Tr. 1099.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἔχιδνα, ἐχιδνης, , a viper: Acts 28:3 (Hesiod, Herodotus, Tragg., Aristophanes, Plato, others); γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν offspring of vipers (anguigenae, Ovid, metam. 3,531), addressed to cunning, malignant, wicked men: Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 23:33; Luke 3:7.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἔχιδνα , -ης , ,

[in OT (Aq.), Isaiah 59:5*;]

a viper: Acts 28:3; metaph., γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν , Matthew 3:7; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 23:33, Luke 3:7.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Ramsay (Luke, p. 63 ff.) has shown that by the ἔχιδνα of Acts 28:3 we are probably to understand a constrictor snake, closely resembling a viper, without poison-fangs, which fixes its teeth firmly into the human skin so as to hang on, without, however, doing any real injury to the skin. The verb καθῆψεν in the sense of ";fastened upon"; rather than ";bit"; (";momordit,"; Blass) is therefore correctly applied to it, as against Harnack Lukas der Arzt, p. 123 f. (E. Tr., p. 177 f.). On γεννήματα ἐχιδνῶν as equivalent to the simple ἔχιδναι in Matthew 3:7 see McNeile ad l., following Nestle in ZNTW xiv. p. 267 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εχιδνα έχιδνα ἔχιδνα εχιδνων εχιδνών ἐχιδνῶν εχίνοι εχίνος εχίνους echidna échidna echidnon echidnôn echidnōn echidnō̂n
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