People's Dictionary of the Bible
Canaan, low region, merchant, servant? The fourth son of Ham. Genesis 9:18; 1 Chronicles 1:8. On occasion of his irreverent conduct, a prophetic curse was denounced by Noah on Ham's posterity through Canaan. Genesis 9:25-27. We know not how for this took effect on Canaan personally: it had its fulfillment in his descendants, only because it was deserved and drawn down upon them by their sins. Canaan was the father of the nations who peopled Palestine, west of the Jordan. Genesis 10:6; Genesis 10:15-18; 1 Chronicles 1:13-16.
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Rice, Edwin Wilbur, DD. Entry for 'Canaan'. People's Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/rpd/c/canaan.html. 1893.