People's Dictionary of the Bible
Ephod. A vestment appropriated to the high priest. Exodus 28:4-36. See High Priest. An ephod is said to have been worn by Samuel, 1 Samuel 2:18, by the ordinary priests, 1 Samuel 22:18, and by David, 2 Samuel 6:14; 1 Chronicles 15:27; but this vesture differed from the high priest's, both in the extraordinary ornaments of the latter, and also in the material. The linen of the high priest's ephod is described by another and peculiar word. When idolatrous worship was set up, ephods were sometimes made for it. Judges 8:27; Judges 17:5; Judges 18:14; Judges 18:17-18; Judges 18:20.
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Rice, Edwin Wilbur, DD. Entry for 'Ephod'. People's Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/rpd/e/ephod.html. 1893.