(n.) A part of the sacerdotal habit among Jews, being a covering for the back and breast, held together on the shoulders by two clasps or brooches of onyx stones set in gold, and fastened by a girdle of the same stuff as the ephod. The ephod for the priests was of plain linen; that for the high priest was richly embroidered in colors. The breastplate of the high priest was worn upon the ephod in front.
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Webster, Noah. Entry for 'Ephod'. Noah Webster's American Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/web/e/ephod.html. 1828.