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People's Dictionary of the Bible
Gilead (gĭl'e-ad), hard. 1. The grandson of Manasseh. Numbers 26:29-30, etc. 2. The father of Jephthah. Judges 11:1; Judges 2:3. A' Gadite. 1 Chronicles 5:14
Gilead, rocky region. Called also Mount Gilead and Land of Gilead, Genesis 31:25; Numbers 32:1; and known in New Testament times as Peræa, or, "beyond Jordan." Matthew 4:15; John 1:28. 1. Gilead was a region of country bounded on the north by Basban, east by the Arabian desert, south by Moab and Ammon, and west by the Jordan. Genesis 31:21; Deuteronomy 3:12-17; 1 Samuel 13:7; 2 Kings 10:33. It was about 60 miles long, and 20 miles in its average breadth. Its mountains named in Scripture are Abarim, Pisgah, Nebo, and Peor, and are about 2000 to 3000 feet above the valley of the Jordan. Numbers 32:1; Genesis 37:25. The balm of Gilead was held in high favor, Jeremiah 8:22; Jeremiah 46:11; it is said that only a spoonful could be collected in a day, and that was sold for twice its weight in silver. Jacob fled toward Gilead, Genesis 31:21; it was conquered by Israel, Numbers 21:24; Judges 10:18; Joshua 12:2; Deuteronomy 2:36; was given to Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh, Joshua 17:6; under Jephthah it defeated the Ammonites, Judges 10:18; was a refuge for Saul's son and for David, 2 Samuel 2:9; 2 Samuel 17:22; 2 Samuel 17:24; the home of Elijah, 1 Kings 17:1; taken in part by Syria, 2 Kings 10:33; by Assyria, 2 Kings 15:25-29; referred to in the minor prophets, Hosea 6:8; Hosea 12:11; Amos 1:3; Amos 1:13; Obadiah 1:19; Micah 7:14; Zechariah 10:10. 2. Mount Gilead of Judges 7:3 was probably near Mount Gilboa.
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Rice, Edwin Wilbur, DD. Entry for 'Gilead'. People's Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/rpd/g/gilead.html. 1893.