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Smith's Bible Dictionary
1. As a purely military title, "captain" answers to sar in the Hebrew army and tribune in the Roman army. The captain of the guard in Acts 28:16 was probably the prefectus pratorio.
2. Katsin, occasionally rendered captain, applies sometimes to a military, Joshua 10:24; Judges 11:6,11; Isaiah 22:3; Daniel 11:18, sometimes to a civil command, for example, Isaiah 1:10; Isaiah 3:6.
3. The captain of the Temple, mentioned in Luke 22:4; Acts 4:1; Acts 5:24, superintended the guard of priests and Levites, who kept watch by night in the Temple.
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Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Captain'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/c/captain.html. 1901.