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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #747 - ἀρχηγός

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G746) and (G71)
Parts of Speech
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  1. the chief leader, prince
    1. of Christ
  2. one that takes the lead in any thing and thus affords an example, a predecessor in a matter, pioneer
  3. the author
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 441 ‑ אַלֻּף (al‑loof', al‑loof');  2280 ‑ חָבַשׁ (khaw‑bash');  5387 ‑ נָשִׁא (naw‑see', naw‑see');  6285 ‑ פֵּאָה (pay‑aw');  6485 ‑ פָּקַד (paw‑kad');  6545 ‑ פֶּרַע (peh'‑rah);  7101 ‑ קָצִין (kaw‑tseen');  7218 ‑ רֹאשׁ (roshe);  8269 ‑ שַׂר (sar);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Acts 2
Hebrews 2
NAS (4)
Acts 2
Hebrews 2
HCS (4)
Acts 2
Hebrews 2
BSB (4)
Acts 2
Hebrews 2
ESV (4)
Acts 2
Hebrews 2
WEB (4)
Acts 2
Hebrews 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


ἀρχηγός, Dor. ἀρχᾱγός, όν,

I beginning, originating, λόγος ἀρχηγὸς κακῶν E. Hipp. 881; primary, leading, chief, Τροίας ἀ. τιμάς Id. Tr. 196 (lyr.); δύο φλέβες ἀ. Arist. PA 666b25.

II as Subst.,

1. founder, of a tutelary hero, S. OC 60; as fem., ancestral heroine, B. 8.51; τοῦ γένους Isoc. 3.28, cf. D.S. 5.56; τῆς πόλεως θεὸς ἀ. τίς ἐστιν Pl. Ti. 21e; founder of a family, Arist. EN 1162a4.

2. prince, chief, Δία ἀ. θεῶν B. 5.179, cf. A. Ag. 259; chief captain, leader, Ἑλλάνων Simon. 138; Βεβρύκων Theoc. 22.110; ἀ. ἱερέων CIG 6798 (Dijon), cf. 2882 (Milet.).

3. first cause, originator, κοπίδων Heraclit. 81; πράγματος X. HG 3.3.4, cf. Din. 3.7, Isoc. 12.101; συγχύσεως SIG 684.8 (Dyme, ii B.C.); φόνου POxy. 1241 iii 35; σωτηρίας Hebrews 2:10; Θαλῆς ὁ τῆς τοιαύτης ἀ. φιλοσοφίας Arist. Metaph. 983b20; τῆς τέχνης Sosip. 1.14; τὸ ἀ. the originating power, Pl. Cra. 401d, cf. Sph. 243d; primary, fundamental, ἀρχηγὸν ἡ φωνή Phld. Po. 2.19.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀρχηγός, ἀρχηγόν, adjective, leading, furnishing the first cause or occasion: Euripides, Hipp. 881; Plato, Crat., p. 401 d.; chiefly used as a substantive, , , ἀρχηγός (ἀρχή and ἄγω);

1. the chief leader, prince: of Christ, Acts 5:31; (Aeschylus Ag. 259; Thucydides 1, 132;. The Sept. Isaiah 3:5; 2 Chronicles 23:14, and often).

2. "one that takes the lead in anything (1 Macc. 10:47, ἀρχηγός λόγων εἰρηνικῶν) and thus affords an example, a predecessor in a matter": τῆς πίστεως, of Christ, Hebrews 12:2 (who in the prominence of his faith far surpassed the examples of faith commemorated in Hebrews 11) (others bring this under the next head; yet cf. Kurtz at the passage). So ἀρχηγός ἁμαρτίας, Micah 1:13; ζήλους, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 14, 1 [ET]; τῆς στάσεως καί διχοστασίας, ibid. 51, 1; τῆς ἀποστασιας, of the devil, Irenaeus 4, 40, 1; τοιαυτης φιλοσοφίας, of Thales, Aristotle, met. 1, 3, 7 (p. 983{b} 20). Hence,

3. the author: τῆς ζωῆς, Acts 3:15; τῆς σωτηρίας, Hebrews 2:10. (Often so in secular authors: τῶν πάντων, of God (Plato) Tim. Locr., p. 96 c.; τοῦ γένους τῶν ἀνθρώπων, of God, Diodorus 5, 72; ἀρχηγός καί αἴτιος, leader and author, are often joined, as Polybius 1, 66, 10; Herodian, 2, 6, 22 (14, Bekker edition)). Cf. Bleek on Heb. vol. ii. 1, p. 301f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀρχηγός , -όν ,

[in LXX for H7218, H5387 etc.;]

beginning, originating: more freq., as subst.;

1. founder, author (Lat. auchor; so sometimes in Papyri, v. MM, s.v.; Milligan, NTD, 75): Acts 3:15 (R, mg.), Hebrews 2:10 (R, txt.; but v. Westc., in l, and Page, Ac., l.c.).

2. prince, leader (so in MGr., v. Kennedy, Sources, 153): Acts 3:15 (R, txt.) Acts 5:31, Hebrews 2:10 (cf. R, mg.) 122 (Cremer, 117).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

To determine between ";founder"; and ";leader"; in Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 12:2, Acts 3:15; Acts 5:31, is a complex question which would carry us beyond the limits of a lexical note. But our few citations go to emphasize the closeness of correspondence with auctor, which it evidently translates in a Proconsul’s edict, Syll 316.8 (ii/B.C.) ἐγεγόνει ἀρχηγὸς τῆς ὃλης συγχύσεως, 17 τὸν γεγονότα ἀρχηγὸν [τ ]ῶν πραχθέντων. So P Oxy I. 41.5, .6 (iii/iv A.D.), where a crowd shouts repeatedly in honour of the prytanis, ἀρχηγὲ τῶν ἀγαθῶν, ";source of our blessings,"; auctor bonorum. The phrase is found five centuries earlier in the Rosetta stone, OGIS 90.47 . . . anniversaries which are πολλῶν ἀγαθῶν ἀρχηγοὶ (π)ᾶσι. In OGIS 212.13 Apollo is . τοῦ [γένους ] of Seleucus Nicator (B.C. 306–280) whose mother was said to have dreamed that she conceived by Apollo : so in 219.26 of his son Antiochus I. (Soter). P Oxy X. 1241iii. 35 (ii/A.D., lit.) . φόνου ";the first shedder."; The other meaning ";leader"; is seen in Kaibel 585 (Gaul) ἱερέων ἀρχηγοῦ, of a high priest of Mithras. So still in MGr.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αρχηγοί αρχηγοίς αρχηγον αρχηγόν ἀρχηγὸν αρχηγός αρχηγούς αρχηγών αρχιδεσμοφύλακος αρχιδεσμοφύλαξ αρχιδεσμώτης archegon archegòn archēgon archēgòn
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