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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Fallow Deer. (called 'fallow' from its reddish-brown color). (Hebrew, yachmur). The Hebrew word, which is mentioned only in Deuteronomy 14:5 and 1 Kings 4:23, probably denotes the Alcelaphus bubalis (the bubale or wild cow) of Barbary and North Africa. It is about the size of a stag, and lives in herds. It is almost exactly like the European roebuck, and is valued for its venison.
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Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Fallow Deer'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/f/fallow-deer.html. 1901.