(n.) A college or corporation in Turkey composed of the hierarchy, namely, the imams, or ministers of religion, the muftis, or doctors of law, and the cadis, or administrators of justice.
(n.) A college or body composed of the hierarchy (the imams, muftis, and cadis). That of Turkey alone now has political power; its head is the sheik ul Islam.
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Webster, Noah. Entry for 'Ulema'. Noah Webster's American Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/web/u/ulema.html. 1828.