The Nuttall Encyclopedia
A body in Turkey, or any Mohammedan country, of the learned in the Mohammedan religion and law, such as the Imams, or religious teachers, the Muftis, or expounders of the law and the Cadis, or judges; its decrees are called "fetvas."
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Ulema'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/u/ulema.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.