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Holman Bible Dictionary


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(par' uh disse) Old Persian term which means literally “enclosure” or “wooded park,” used in the Old Testament to speak of King Artaxerxes' forest (Nehemiah 2:8 ), and twice of orchards (Ecclesiastes 2:5 ; Song of Song of Solomon 4:13 ). All three New Testament occurrences (Luke 23:43 ; 2 Corinthians 12:4 ; Revelation 2:7 ) refer to the abode of the righteous dead (heaven). The Greek Old Testament (Septuagint used “paradise” to translate the Hebrew words for the Garden of Eden in Genesis 2-3 . Over the years, the terms because synonymous, and eventually paradise came to refer to heaven. Jewish theology then developed an opposite place for wicked persons, gehenna , a burning furnace. See Genesis 2-3 ; Genesis 2-3 .

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Paradise'. Holman Bible Dictionary. 1991.

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