Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Exalt

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eg -zôlt ´ (רוּם , rūm , גּבהּ , gābhah (mappı̄ḳ hē ), נשׂא , nāsā' ; ὑψόω , hupsóō ): The Hebrew word most often translated "exalt," "exalted," is rūm ; "to lift up," "to be or become high." It is used with reference to both God and man, e.g. Exodus 15:2 , "My father's God, and I will exalt him"; Psalm 99:5 , Psalm 99:9 , "Exalt ye Yahweh our God"; compare Psalm 107:32; Psalm 118:28; 1 Samuel 2:10 , "Exalt the horn of his anointed"; Job 17:4 , "Therefore shalt thou not exalt them"; compare Isaiah 13:2 the King James Version; Isaiah 14:13; gābhah , "to be high," figuratively "to be exalted," occurs in Job 36:7; Proverbs 17:19 the King James Version; Isaiah 5:16 , etc.; nāsā' , "to lift up," occurs in Numbers 24:7; 1 Chronicles 29:11 , etc.; other words are ṣālal , "to raise up" (Exodus 9:17; Proverbs 4:8 ), sāghabh (Job 5:11; Job 36:22 the King James Version; Isaiah 2:11 , Isaiah 2:17; Isaiah 12:4; Isaiah 33:5 ), rāmam , "to be high" (Job 24:24; Psalm 118:16 ).

In the New Testament "exalt" is the translation of hupsóō , "to elevate" (not used with reference to God) (Matthew 11:23; Matthew 23:12; Acts 2:33; 2 Corinthians 11:7; 1 Peter 5:6 , etc.); also (twice) of epaı́rō , "to lift up, upon or against" (2 Corinthians 10:5; 2 Corinthians 11:20 ), once of huperaı́rō , "to lift up above" (2 Thessalonians 2:4 ); in 2 Corinthians 12:7 bis , this word is translated "exalted above measure," the Revised Version (British and American) "exalted overmuch"; huperupsóō , "to lift up above" (Philippians 2:9 ), is translated "highly exalted"; húpsos , "elevation," is translated "exalted" (James 1:9 , the Revised Version (British and American) "high estate").

For "it increaseth" (Job 10:16 ), the Revised Version (British and American) gives "and if my head exalt itself"; instead of "God exalteth by His, power" (Job 36:22 ), "God doeth loftily in his power"; for "though thou exalt thyself as the eagle" (Obadiah 1:4 ), "mount on high"; for "highly esteemed" (Luke 16:15 ) "exalted"; for "exalteth itself" (2 Corinthians 10:5 ), "is exalted"; for "He shall lift you up" (James 4:10 ), "He shall exalt you."

Self-exaltation is strongly condemned, especially by Christ; humbleness is the way to true exaltation (Matthew 23:12; Luke 14:11; Luke 18:14; compare James 4:10; 1 Peter 5:6 ); the supreme example is that of Christ Himself (Philippians 2:5-11 ).

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Exalt'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/e/exalt.html. 1915.

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