Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, February 24th, 2024
the First Week of Lent
There are 36 days til Easter!
Take your personal ministry to the Next Level by helping StudyLight build churches and supporting pastors in Uganda.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Encyclopedias
Hor, Mount

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Search for…
Prev Entry
Next Entry
Resource Toolbox
Additional Links

hôr ( הר ההר , hōr hā - hār ; literally, "Hor, the mountain"):

1. Not Jebel Neby Hārūn

(1) a tradition identifying this mountain with Jebel Neby Harun may be traced from the time of Josephus ( Ant. , IV, iv, 7) downward. Eusebius, Onomasticon (s.v. Ὅρ , Hōr ) favors this identification, which has been accepted by many travelers and scholars. In HDB , while noting the fact that it has been questioned, Professor Hull devotes all the space at his disposal to a description of Jebel Neby Hārūn . It is now recognized, however, that this identification is impossible. Niebuhr ( Reise nach Arab ., 238), Pocoke ( Description of the East , I, 157), Robinson ( BR , I, 185), Ewald ( Hist. of Israel , II, 201, note), and others had pointed out difficulties in the way, but the careful discussion of Dr. H. Clay Trumbull ( Kadesh Barnea , 127ff) finally disposed of the claims of Jebel Neby Hārūn .

2. Suggested Identification

From Numbers 20:22; Numbers 33:37 we may perhaps infer that Mt. Hor, "in the edge of the land of Edom," was about a day's journey from Kadesh. The name "Hor the mountain" suggests a prominent feature of the landscape. Aaron was buried there ( Numbers 20:28; Deuteronomy 32:50 ). It was therefore not in Mt. Seir (Deuteronomy 2:5 ), of which not even a foot-breadth was given to Israel. Jebel Neby Hārūn is certainly a prominent feature of the landscape, towering over the tumbled hills that form the western edges of the Edom plateau to a height of 4,800 ft. But it is much more than a day's journey from Kadesh, while it is well within the boundary of Mt. Seir. The king of Arad was alarmed at the march to Mt. Hor. Had Israel marched toward Jebel Neby Hārūn , away to the Southeast, it could have caused him no anxiety, as he dwelt in the north.

3. Jebel Maderah

This points to some eminence to the North or Northeast of Kadesh. A hill meeting sufficiently all these conditions is Jebel Maderah (see HALAK , MOUNT ), which rises to the Northeast of ‛Ain ḳadı̄s (Kadesh-barnea). It stands at the extreme Northwest boundary of the land of Edom, yet not within that boundary. Above the barrenness of the surrounding plain this "large, singular-looking, isolated chalk hill" rises "alone like a lofty citadel," "steep-sided" and "quite naked." Here the solemn transactions described in Numbers 20:22 could have been carried out literally, "in the sight of all the congregation." While certainty is impossible, no more likely suggestion has been made.

(2) A mountain named only in Numbers 34:7 f as on the North boundary of the land of Israel. No success has attended the various attempts made to identify this particular height. Some would make it Mt. Hermon (Hull, HDB , under the word); others Jebel ‛Akkār , an outrunner on the Northeast of Lebanon (Furrer, ZDPV , VIII, 27), and others the mountain at the "knee of" Nahr el -Ḳāsimı̄yeh (van Kasteren, Rev. Bib. , 1895, 30 f). In Ezekiel 47:15 הדּרך , ha -derekh , should certainly be amended to חדרך , ḥadhrākh , a proper name, instead of "the way." Possibly then Mt. Hor should disappear from Numbers 34:7 f, and we should read, with slight emendation, "From the great sea ye shall draw a line for you as far as Hadrach, and from Hadrach ...."

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Hor, Mount'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​h/hor-mount.html. 1915.
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile