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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
( המּשׁחה שׁמן , shemen hamishḥāh ): This holy oil, the composition of which is described in Exodus 30:22-33 , was designed for use in the anointing of the tabernacle, its furniture and vessels, the altar and laver, and the priest, that being thus consecrated, they might be "most holy." It was to be "a holy anointing oil" unto Yahweh throughout all generations (Exodus 30:31 ). On its uses, compare Exodus 37:29; Leviticus 8:12; Leviticus 10:7; Leviticus 21:10 . The care of this holy oil was subsequently entrusted to Eleazar (Numbers 4:16 ); in later times it seems to have been prepared by the sons of the priests (1 Chronicles 9:30 ). There is a figurative allusion to the oil on Aaron's head in Psalm 133:2 . See OIL; ANOINTING .
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Oil, Anointing'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/o/oil-anointing.html. 1915.