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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
pḗ - tish´un : Used in English Versions of the Bible only as a noun, usually as representing the Hebrew שׁאלה , she'ēlāh (Psalm 20:5 , משׁאלה , mish'ālāh ), from the common verb שׁאל , shā'al , "to ask." The noun, consequently, has no technical meaning, and may be used indifferently in the active (Esther 7:2 ) or passive (1 Samuel 1:27 ) sense, or for a petition addressed to either God (1 Samuel 1:17 ) or man (1 Kings 2:16 ), while in Judges 8:24; Job 6:8; Psalm 106:15 , it is rendered simply "request." Otherwise "petition" represents the Aramaic בּעוּ , bā‛ū (Daniel 6:7 , Daniel 6:13 ), the Greek αἴτημα , aı́tēma (1 John 5:15 ), and δέησις , déēsis (1 Macc 7:37 , the Revised Version (British and American) "supplication"), and the Latin oratio ( 2 Esdras 8:24 ).
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Petition'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/p/petition.html. 1915.