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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
1. Scripture References:
From here came the "wise woman" brought by Joab to try and make a reconciliation between David and Absalom (2 Samuel 14:2 f); it was one of the cities fortified by Rehoboam ( 2 Chronicles 11:6; Josephus, Ant. , VIII, ix, 1). The wilderness of Tekoa is mentioned (2 Chronicles 20:20 ) as the extreme edge of the inhabited area; here Jehoshaphat took counsel before advancing into the wilderness of Judea to confront the Ammonites and Moabites. In Jeremiah 6:1 , we read, "Blow the trumpet in Tekoa and raise a signal in Beth-haccherim" - because of the enemy advancing from the North. Amos 1:1 , one of the "herdsmen of Tekoa," was born here.
In Joshua 15:59 (addition to verse in Septuagint only) Tekoa occurs at the beginning of the list of 11 additional cities of Judah - a list which includes Bethlehem, Ain Kairem and Bettir - which are omitted in the Hebrew.
Jonathan Maccabeus and his brother Simon fled from the vengeance of Bacchides "into the wilderness of Thecoe (the Revised Version (British and American) "Tekoah") and pitched their tents (the Revised Version (British and American) "encamped") by the water of the pool Asphar" (1 Maccabees 9:33 ).
2. Later History:
Josephus calls Tekoa a village in his day ( Vita , 75), as does Jerome who describes it as 12 miles from Jerusalem and visible from Bethlehem; he says the tomb of the prophet Amos was there ( Commentary on Jeremiah , VI, 1). "There was," he says, "no village beyond Tekoa in the direction of the wilderness." The good quality of its oil and honey is praised by other writers. In the 6th century a monastery, Laura Nova, was founded there by Saba. In the crusading times Tekoa was visited by pious pilgrims wishing to see the tomb of Amos, and some of the Christian inhabitants assisted the Crusaders in the first siege of Jerusalem. In 1138 the place was pillaged by a party of Turks from the East of the Jordan, and since that time the site appears to have lain desolate and ruined, although even in the 14th century the tomb of Amos was still shown.
3. The Site of Tekua:
The site is without doubt the
The open fields around
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Tekoa'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/t/tekoa.html. 1915.