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Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature
Car´buncle. There are two Hebrew words rendered by 'Carbuncle' in the Authorized Version. One of them, Nophech which occurs in ; ; , appears to have been a kind of ruby or garnet, perhaps the noble Oriental garnet, which is a transparent red stone, with a violet shade, and strong glossy luster. The other word is Ekdach which occurs in , where the gates of the new Jerusalem are described as being composed of it. It seems to denote some stone of a fiery luster, but the particular kind cannot well be determined.
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Carbuncle'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature". https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​kbe/​c/carbuncle.html.