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Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature
Gil´boa, a mountain memorable for the defeat of Saul by the Philistines, where his three sons were slain, and where he himself died by his own hand (;; ). The circumstances of the narrative would alone suffice to direct our attention to the mountains which bound the great Plain of Esdraelon on the south-east, and are interposed between it and the Jordan valley. Here there are a number of ridges with a general direction from northwest to south-east, separated by valleys running in the same direction. The largest of these valleys is the southernmost: it is a broad deep plain about two miles and a half wide, and leading direct into the Jordan valley. This is supposed to be distinctively (for the Plain of Esdraelon is sometimes so called) the Valley of Jezreel. The mountains which bound it on the north appear to be those of Little Hermon; and the higher mountains which bound it on the south undoubtedly form Mount Gilboa. There is still, indeed, an inhabited village, in whose name of Jelbon that of Gilboa may be recognized.
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Gilboa'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature". https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/kbe/g/gilboa.html.