the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature
Pi´thom, one of the 'treasure-cities' which the Israelites built in the land of Goshen 'for Pharaoh' () [EGYPT; GOSHEN]. The site is by general consent identified with that of the Patumos of Herodotus (ii. 158). Speaking of the canal which connected the Nile with the Red Sea, this author says, 'The water was admitted into it from the Nile. It began a little above the city Bubastus [PIBESETH], near the Arabian city Patumos, but it discharged itself into the Red Sea.' According to this, Patumos was situated on the east side of the Pelusiac arm of the Nile, not far from the canal which unites the Nile with the Red Sea, in the Arabian part of Egypt. We gather from the Itinerarium of Antoninus that this city was twelve Roman miles distant from Heroopolis, the ruins of which are found in the region of the present Abu-Keisheid. All these designations are appropriate if, with the scholars who accompanied the French expedition, we place Pithom on the site of the present Abhaseh, at the entrance of the Wady Fumilat, where there was at all times a strong military post.
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Pithom'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature". https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​kbe/​p/pithom.html.