The Nuttall Encyclopedia
A light hand implement used to cause a draught of cool air to play upon the face; there are two kinds, the folding and non-folding; the latter, sometimes large and fixed on a pole, were known to the ancients, the former were invented by the Japanese in the 7th century, and became popular in Italy and Spain in the 16th century; but Paris soon took a lead in their manufacture, carrying them to their highest pitch of artistic perfection in the reign of Louis XIV.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Fan'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/f/fan.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.