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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

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A variety or choice breed of the camel proper, or one-humped camel; much tallerand longer in the leg than the ordinary camel, of a more slender shape, and generally of a very light color. Its speed is considerable, reaching eighty miles a day. Zoologists include all varieties of one-humped camel under the name Camelus dromedarius, in contradistinction to the Camelus bactrianus, or two-humped camel. As the two species interbreed successfully and the offspring is able to procreate, some assume that they are only two varieties of one species; but as the Camelus dromedarius has not yet been found in a wild state, the question can not be settled.

The word "dromedary " occurs four times in the English versions; viz., twice in both the Authorized and the Revised Version as a rendering of the Hebrew "beker" (Isaiah 60:6) or "bikrah" (Jeremiah 2:23), and twice in the Authorized Version alone, to render the Hebrew "rekesh" (1 Kings 5:8 [A. V. 4:28] and Esther 8:10). But in neither case is the rendering correct. "Rekesh" means rather a swift steed, as the Revised Version has it; and "beker" designates the young of the camel up to nine years, and not any special variety or breed.

  • Tristram, Natural History of the Bible, s.;
  • Wood, Bible Animals, s.
E. G. H.
H. H.
Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Dromedary'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​tje/​d/dromedary.html. 1901.
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