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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Fault

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fôlt ( חטא , ḥāṭā' ; αἰτία , aitı́a , μέμφομαι , mémphomai ): Implies defect, of less moral weight than crime or sin. It is the translation of ḥāṭā' , "error," "failure," "sin" (Exodus 5:16 ); of ḥēṭ' , same meaning (Genesis 41:9 , "I do remember my faults this day"); of ‛āwōn , "perversity," "iniquity" (2 Samuel 3:8 ; Psalm 59:4 ); of rish‛āh , "wrongness," "wickedness" (Deuteronomy 25:2 , the Revised Version (British and American) "wickedness"); of sheḥath (Aramaic) "corruption" (Daniel 6:4 twice); me'ūmāh , "anything" (1 Samuel 29:3 , "no fault in him," literally, "not anything"); of aitia , "cause," "case," "guilt," (John 18:38 ; John 19:4 , John 19:6 ; Pilate of Jesus, "I find no fault in him," the Revised Version (British and American) "no crime"; the same word is rendered "accusation," i.e. 'legal cause for prosecution,' Matthew 27:37 ; Mark 15:26 ; compare Acts 25:18 , Acts 25:27 ); of aı́tion , same meaning (Luke 23:4 , Luke 23:14 ; Luke 23:22 , aition thanátou "cause of death"); of hḗttēma , "a worse condition," "defect" (1 Corinthians 6:7 , the Revised Version (British and American) "a defect," margin "a loss to you"); of paráptōma , "a falling aside" (Galatians 6:1 , "If a man be overtaken in fault," the Revised Version (British and American) "in any trespass," margin "by"; James 5:16 , "Confess your faults one to another," the Revised Version (British and American) "Confess therefore your sins one to another"); hamartánō , "to miss," "err," "sin," is translated "your faults" (1 Peter 2:20 the Revised Version (British and American), "when ye sin"); memphomai , "to blame," is translated "to find fault" (Mark 7:2 omitted the Revised Version (British and American); Romans 9:19 ; Hebrews 8:8 ); elégchō , "to convict," "to tell one's fault" (Matthew 18:15 , the Revised Version (British and American) "show him his fault"); ámōmos , "without blemish," "spotless," is translated "without fault" (Revelation 14:5 , the Revised Version (British and American) "without blemish," "faultless"; Judges 1:24 , "able to present you faultless," the Revised Version (British and American) "without blemish"); ámemptos , "blameless," "without reproach" (Hebrews 8:7 , "for if that first covenant had been faultless"). "Faulty" is the translation of 'āshēm , "guilty" (2 Samuel 14:13 , "as one which is faulty," the Revised Version (British and American) "guilty"); of 'āsham , "to be or become guilty" (Hosea 10:2 , Revised Version "guilty").


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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Fault'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/isb/f/fault.html. 1915.

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