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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #260 - ἅμα

Transliteration
háma
Phonetics
ham'-ah
Origin
a primary particle
Parts of Speech
N/A
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
Adverb
  1. at the same time, at once, together

Preposition

  1. together with
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3162 ‑ יַחַד (yakh'‑ad);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (9)
Matthew
2
Acts
1
Romans
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
NAS (14)
Matthew
1
Acts
4
Romans
1
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
2
Philemon
2
HCS (9)
Matthew
1
Acts
2
Romans
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
BSB (10)
Matthew
2
Acts
2
Romans
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
ESV (6)
Matthew
1
Acts
2
Romans
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
WEB (10)
Matthew
2
Acts
2
Romans
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἅμᾰ [ᾰμ],

Dor. ἁμᾶ, q.v.: (v. sub fin.): Adv.

I

1. at once, at the same time, mostly of Time, freq. added to τε.. καί, ἅμ' οἰμωγή τε καὶ εὐχωλή Il. 8.64; ἅ. τ' ὠκύμορος καὶ ὀϊζυρός 1.417; σέ θ' ἅ. κλαίω καὶ ἐμέ 24.773; σαυτόν θ' ἅ. κἀμέ S. Ph. 772, cf. 119; ἄνους τε καὶ γέρων ἅ. Ant. 281: with καί only, ἅ. πρόσσω καὶ ὀπίσσω Il. 3.109; with τε.. τε, χειρῶν τε βίης θ' ἅ. ἔργον ἔφαινον Hes. Th. 677.

2. ἅ. μέν.. ἅ. δέ.., partly.. partly.., Pl. Phd. 115d, X HG 3.1.3: — ἅ. τε.. καὶ ἅ. Pl. Grg. 497a; ἅμ' ἡδέως ἔμοιγε κἀλγεινῶς ἅμα S. Ant. 436.

3. in Prose ἅ. δέ.. καί.., ἅ. τε.. καί.., ... καί.. may often be translated by no sooner.. than.., ἅ. δὲ ταῦτα ἔλεγε καὶ ἀπεδείκνυε Hdt. 1.112; ταῦγά τε ἅμα ἠγόρευε καὶ πέμπει 8.5; ἅ. ἀκηκόαμέν τε καὶ τριηράρχους καθίσταμεν D. 4.36; ἅ. διαλλάττονται καὶ τῆς ἔχθρας ἐπιλανθάνονται Isoc. 4.157. ἅ. μῦθος ἔην, τετέλεστο δὲ ἔργον 'no sooner said than done', Il. 19.242; ἅ. ἔπος τε καὶ ἔργον ἐμήδετο h.Merc. 46; ταῦτα εἶπε καὶ ἅ. ἔπος τε καὶ ἔργον ἐποίεε Hdt. 3.134, cf. 9.92: prov., ἅμ' ἔπος ἅμ' ἔργον Diogenian. 1.36. with part. and finite Verb in same sense, βρίζων ἅ... ἐξήμελξας εὐτραφὲς γάλα A. Ch. 897; ἅ. εἰπὼν ἀνέστη as soon as he had done speaking, he stood up, X. An. 3.1.47; τῆς ἀγγελίας ἅ. ῥηθείσης ἐπεβοήθουν as soon as news was brought they assisted, Th. 2.5; ἅ. γιγνόμενοι λαμβάνομεν Pl. Phd. 76c; ἡμῖν ἅ. ἀναπαυομένοις ὁ παῖς ἀναγνώσεται Tht. 143b.

4. ἅ. μέν.. ἔτι δέ.. X. Cyr. 1.4.3; ἅ. μέν.. πρὸς δέ.. Hdt. 8.51.

II together, at once, both, without direct ref. to time, ἅ. πάντες or πάντες ἅ. Il. 1.495, al.; ἅ. ἄμφω h.Cer. 15; ἅ. κρατερὸς καὶ ἀμύμων Od. 3.111, etc.: of Place, Arist. Metaph. 1028b27.

III with σύν or μετά, E. Ion 717, Pl. Criti. 110a. abs. with Verb, at one and the same time, αἱ πᾶσαι [νῆες] ἅ. ἐγίγνοντο ἐν ἑνὶ θέρει σ καὶ ν Th. 3.17, cf. οὐχ ἅ. ἡ κτῆσις παραγίγνεται D. 23.113. Pr with dat. (freq. with part. added), at the same time with, together with, ἅμ' ἠοῖ φαινομένηφι at dawn, Il. 9.682, al.; ἅ. ἕῳ, ἅ. ἕῳ γιγνομένῃ, Th. 1.48, 4.32; ἅμ' ἠελίῳ ἀνιόντι or καταδύντι at sunrise or sunset, Il. 18.136, 210, al.; ἅμ' ἡμέρῃ διαφωσκούσῃ Hdt. 3.86, al.; ἅμ' ἡμέρᾳ E. El. 78, Th. 2.94, etc., Att.; ἅμ' ἦρι ἀρχομένῳ or ἅ. ἦρι at beginning of spring, Th. 5.20, 2.2, etc.; ἅ. κήδεϊ κεκάρθαι τὰς κεφαλάς during the time of.., Hdt. 2.36; ἅ. τειχισμῷ Th. 7.20; ἅμα τῷ διαυγάζειν Plb. 3.104.5 (without Art. ἅμα εὑρεθῆναι Ps.- Plu. Fluv. 23.2).

2. generally, together with, ἅ. τινὶ στείχειν Il. 16.257; ὀπάσσαι 24.461, al.; Ἑλένην καὶ κτήμαθ' ἅμ' αὐτῇ 3.458; ἅ. πνοιῇς ἀνέμοιο keeping pace with the wind, Od. 1.98; repeated, ἅμ' αὐτῷ.. ἅμ' ἕποντο 11.371; οἱ ἅ. Θόαντι Hdt. 6.138, cf. Th. 7.57. II rarely c. gen., Herod. 4.95, POxy. 903 (iv A. D.), Pythag. Sim. 28, Olymp.Hist. p.453 D.; dub. in Thphr. Char. 6.9. Conj., as soon as, ἅ. ἂν ἡβήσῃ τις τῶν ὀρφανῶν Pl. Lg. 928c, cf. Lex ap. D. 46.20; ἅ. κα διεξέλθῃ ὁ χρόνος GDI 2160 (Delph., ii B. C.). (Root s-, cf. A α 11.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἅμα ,

adv.,

at once (Lat. simul): Acts 24:26; Acts 27:40, Romans 3:12 (one and all = H3162, Psalms 14:3), Colossians 4:3, 1 Timothy 5:13, Philemon 1:22; seq. σύν , 1 Thessalonians 4:17; 1 Thessalonians 5:10; as prep. c. dat., together with: Matthew 13:29 (v. MM, VGT, s.v.); also, c. adv., . πρωΐ (cl., . ἕω , etc.), early in the morning: Matthew 20:1.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The adverbial use seen in Matthew 20:1 may be illustrated by P Flor I. 365 (c. iv/A.D., init.) μν ̣η ̣στευσαμένου μου . . . τὴν . . . [θ ]υγατέρα . . . [ ]μα ἐκ νηπίας ἡλικίας , P Oxy VII. 102516 (late iii/A.D.) τῶν θεωριῶν ἅμ ̣̕ α ̣υ ̣̀[ρ ]ιον ἥτις ἐστὶν ι ̄ ἀγ ̣ο ̣μ ̣[έν ]ων . For ἅμα = ";at the same time,"; see P Giss I. 138 (ii/A.D.) πέμψεις ἅμα τὰς γ ̄ ἐπιστολάς , P Oxy IV. 798 (probably B.C. 183) ὡς δ᾽ ἂν παραγένωνται οἱ σιτολόγοι ἐπὶ τὴν παράληψιν τῶν σιτικῶν ἀπομετρήσομεν ἅμα καὶ ταῦτα , al. With ἅμα c. dat. ";together with,"; cf. P Oxy IV. 65813 (A.D. 250) τῶν ἱερῶν ἐγευσάμην ἅμα τῷ υἱῷ μου , so with a dat. P Rein 2614 (B.C. 104) ἅμα τῆι συγγραφῆι ταύτηι ἀναφερομένηι , P Oxy VI. 975 (i/A.D.) a loan to be repaid ἅμα τῇ ᾽μῇ τρύ [γ ] , P Petr I. 24 (3) (c. B.C. 249) ἅμα τῆι λοιπῆι ἀγορᾶι ἧι εἰλήφασι ἐγ βασιλικοῦ , P Flor I. 615 (A.D. 210) ἐχειροτονήθην ἅμ᾽ ἄλλο ̣ι ̣ς , ib. 2115 (A.D. 239) ἅμα τοῖς τῆς κώμης δημοσίοις (neuter) πᾶσι . The use of ἅμα therefore as an ";improper"; preposition was not unusual. Paul however prefers to keep it as an adverb, adding σύν (1 Thessalonians 4:17, 1 Thessalonians 5:10) : for the preposition only Matthew 13:29 is quotable from NT, and even there D adds σύν . We may compare ὁμόσε c. dat. in P Lips Inv 266 (ii/A.D.—Archiv v. 245) ὁμόσε ταῖς ἄλλαις εὐεργεσίαις . Thayer’s note that ";ἅμα is temporal and ὁμοῦ local, in the main"; (from Ammonius), has support from most of our examples. Both usages are illustrated in the Ptolemaic Pathyris papyrus (Archiv ii. p. 515 f.) ἐπεὶ γέγρᾳφεν ὁ πατὴρ συνμίσγειν ἄγων τοὺς Κροκοδιλοπολίτας καὶ ὑμᾶς ἅμα , ὀρθῶς ποιήσετε καὶ κεχαρισμένως ἑτοίμους γενέσθαι ὡς ἅμα ἡμῖν συνεξορμήσητε .

 

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αμα άμα ἅμα ama hama háma
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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