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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1006 - βόσκω

Root Word (Etymology)
a prol. form of a primary verb, cf (G977) & (G1016)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to feed
    1. portraying the duty of a Christian teacher to promote in every way the spiritual welfare of the members of the church
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  7257 ‑ רָבַץ (raw‑bats');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (9)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 2
NAS (9)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 2
CSB (7)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 3
BSB (9)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 2
ESV (8)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 3
John 2
WEB (9)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


impf. ἔβοσκον, βόσκε Il. 15.548: fut. -ήσω Od. 17.559, Ar. Ec. 590: aor. ἐβόσκησα Gp. 18.7: pf. βεβόσκηκα PMag. 6.13 (iii B. C.): Pass. and Med. (v. infr. 11); Ion. impf. βοσκέσκοντο Od. 12.355: fut. βοσκήσομαι Sarap. in Plu. 2.398d, Dor. βοσκησεῦμαι Theoc. 5.103: aor. ἐβοσκήθην Nic. Th. 34, Babr. 89.7.

I prop.

1. of herdsmen, feed, tend, αἰπόλια Od. 14.102; ταὦς Stratt. 27; ὁ βόσκων the feeder, Arist. HA 540a18.

2. generally, feed, nourish, βόσκει γαῖα.. ἀνθρώπους Od. 11.365, cf. 14.325; γαστέρα βοσκήσεις 17.559; πάντα βόσκουσαν φλόγα.. Ἡλίου S. OT 1425; maintain, keep, ἐπικούρους Hdt. 6.39; ναυτικόν Th. 7.48; γυναῖκας Ar. Lys. 260; οἰκέτας ib. 1204, Herod. 7.44: metaph., β. νόσον S. Ph. 313; πράγματα β. troubles, i.e. children, Ar. V. 313.

II Pass.,

1. of cattle, feed, graze, Od. 21.49, etc.; ξύλοχον κάτα Il. 5.162: c.acc., feed on, ποίην h.Merc. 27, 232, cf. A. Ag. 118 (lyr.), Arist. HA 591a16, al.; τινί A. Th. 244.

2. metaph., to be fed or nurtured, ἰυγμοῖσι Id. Ch. 26 (lyr.); κούφοις πνεύμασιν S. Aj. 558; ἐλπίσιν E. Ba. 617; β. τινί or περί τι run riot in a thing, AP 5.271 (Paul. Sil.), prob. in 285 (Id.). (g[uglide]ô, cf. Lith. guotas 'herd'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βόσκω; as in Greek writings from Homer down, to feed: Mark 5:14; Luke 15:15; ἀρνία, πρόβατα, John 21:15, 17 (in a figurative discourse portraying the duty of a Christian teacher to promote in every way the spiritual welfare of the members of the church); βόσκων a herdsman: Matthew 8:33; Luke 8:34. In the passive and middle (present participle βοσκόμενος, cf. Winers Grammar, § 38, 2 note) of flocks or herds, to feed, graze: Matthew 8:30; Mark 5:11; Luke 8:32. (In the Sept. for רָעָה.) [SYNONYMS: βόσκειν, ποιμαίνειν: ποιμαίνειν is the wider, βόσκειν the narrower term; the former includes oversight, the latter denotes nourishment; ποιμαίνειν may be rendered tend, βόσκειν specifically feed. See Trench, § xxv.; Meyer on John as above; Schmidt, chapter 200.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βόσκω ,

[in LXX for H7462;]

prop., of a herdsman, to feed: Matthew 8:33 Mark 5:14, Luke 8:34; Luke 15:15; metaph., of Christian pastoral care, John 21:15; John 21:17. Pass., of cattle, to feed, graze: Matthew 8:30, Mark 5:11, Luke 8:32.†

SYN.: ποιμαίνειν G4165, to tend, shepherd, a wider term, including oversight as well as feeding (v. Tr., Syn., § xxv).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The verb is used in connexion with πρόβατα in P Magd 6.13 (B.C. 221) τά τε πρόβα ]τα βεβοσκηκότας , P Tebt II. 298.53 (A.D. 107–8) προβ ]άτων βοσκ [ο (μένων ), P Thead 57.2 (A.D. 317) βόσκοντος αὐτοῦ τὰ π [ρό ]βατα , and with a herd of swine, as in Mark 5:11, in the illiterate BGU III. 757.10 (A.D. 12) ἃ βόσκουσιν ὑικὰ κτήνηι . Cf. Syll 531.36 (iii/A.D.) πρόβατα [δὲ μὴ ἐξ ]έστω ἐ [πιβό ]σκε [ι ]ν ε [ἰς ] τὸ τέμενος μηδενί , on pain of confiscation to the god—see the editor’s note. A derived noun occurs in P Lond 219 recto (an account for food—ii/B.C.) (= II. p. 2) ἰδ ̣ίῳ βοσκῷ . It is frequently found as a termination, e.g. ἱερακοβοσκός (P Petr III. 99.5, ἰβιοβοσκός (ib. 58(e)ii, 23) (both iii/B.C.) : see Mayser Gr. p. 471.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Βοσκε Βόσκε βοσκειν βόσκειν βόσκεσθαι βόσκετε βοσκηθήσονται βοσκηθήσονταί βοσκήσουσιν βοσκήσω βοσκομενη βοσκομένη βοσκομένων βοσκοντες βόσκοντες βόσκουσιν βόσκων έβοσκε εβόσκησαν εβόσκοντο Boske Bóske boskein bóskein boskomene boskomenē boskoméne boskoménē boskontes bóskontes
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