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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1016 - βοῦς

Root Word (Etymology)
probably from the base of (G1006)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. an ox, a cow
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 441 ‑ אַלֻּף (al‑loof', al‑loof');  1241 ‑ בָּקָר (baw‑kawr');  6499 ‑ פָּר (par, pawr);  6776 ‑ צֶמֶד (tseh'‑med);  7794 ‑ שׁוֹר (shore);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Luke 3
John 2
1 Corinthians 2
1 Timothy 1
NAS (8)
Luke 3
John 2
1 Corinthians 2
1 Timothy 1
CSB (8)
Luke 3
John 2
1 Corinthians 2
1 Timothy 1
BSB (8)
Luke 3
John 2
1 Corinthians 2
1 Timothy 1
ESV (8)
Luke 3
John 2
1 Corinthians 2
1 Timothy 1
WEB (8)
Luke 3
John 2
1 Corinthians 2
1 Timothy 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. βῶς Theoc. 9.7, GDI 5005.5 (Gortyn), and : gen. βοός (written βοιός GDI iv p.883 No.62 (Erythrae)), poet. also βοῦ A. Fr. 421, S. Fr. 280: acc. βοῦν IG 12.45 A 11, etc., βῶν Il. 7.238 and Dor., IG 4.914.18, al. (Epid.), SIG 56.16 (Argos), Theoc. 27.64, Ion. and poet. also βόα Pherecyd. 162 J., AP 9.255 (Phil.): dual βόε Hes. Op. 436: pl., nom. βόες, rarely contr. βοῦς Ar. Fr. 760, Plu. Aem. 33, etc.: gen. βοῶν, contr. βῶν Hes. Th. 983; Bocot. βουῶν IG 7.3171.45: dat. βουσί, βόεσσι, βοσί AP 7.622 (Antiphil.); Boeot. βούεσσι IG 7.3171.38: acc. βόας Il. 5.556, al., βοῦς 1.154, al., S. Aj. 175 (lyr.), and Att., Antiph. 172.5, etc. (but later βόας John 2:14, POxy. 729.16 (ii A. D.), etc.): I

1. bullock, bull, ox, or cow, in pl. cattle, commonly fem.: to mark the male Hom. adds a word, β. ἄρσην Il. 20.495; or ταῦρος β. 17.389; as a measure of value, βοὸς ἄξιον 23.885, cf. 7.474 and v. ἀλφεσίβοιος, ἑκατόμβοιος. βοῦς ἄγριος buffalo, Arist. HA 499a4. βοῦς ἐν Συρίᾳ zebu, ib. 606a15; β. ἐν Παιονίᾳ, perh. urus, Id. Mir. 842b33. βοὸς ὄμμα, = βούφθαλμος, AP 4.1.52 (Mel.).

2. metaph. of any dam or mother, μία β. Κρηθεῖ τε μάτηρ καὶ Σαλμωνεῖ Pi. P. 4.142; ἄπεχε τῆς β. τὸν ταῦρον A. Ag. 1125.

II = βοείη or βοέη (always fem.), ox-hide shield, νωμῆσαι βῶν Il. 7.238; τυκτῇσι βόεσσιν 12.105; βόας αὔας ib. 137; γέρρα λευκῶν β. X. An. 5.4.12.


1. a fish, perh. Notidanus griseus, Arist. HA 540b17, Fr. 280.

2. a fish of the Nile, Str. 17.2.4. ἔβδομος β. crescent loaf, Clidem. 16. seam, Poll. 7.65. the constellation Taurus, Max. 162. = μάστιξ, Hsch. prov., β. ἐπὶ γλώσσης ἐπιβαίνων Thgn. 815; βοῦς ἐπὶ γλώσσῃ βέβηκε A. Ag. 36; of people who keep silence from some weighty reason, τὸν βοῦν ἐπιτίθημι τῇ γλώττῃ Jul. Or. 7.218a; βοῦς ἐμβαίνει μέγας Strattis 67 (wrongly expld. by Zen. 2.70, etc., of bribery with coins bearing type of ox); β. ἐν πόλει 'bull in a china-shop', Diogcnian. 3.67; β. ἐν αὐλίῳ, of a useless person, Cratin. 32; β. λύρας 'pearls before swine', Macho ap. Ath. 8.349c. (βοῦς (from βωύς, Skt. gaús) acc. βῶν (Skt. gâ´m) are old forms: stem βωϝ-βοϝ-, cf. Lat. (Umbr.) bos, etc.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βοῦς, βῶς, accusative singular βοῦν (accusative plural βόας, Buttmann, 14 (13)), , , an ox, a cow: Luke 13:15; Luke 14:5, 19; John 2:14; 1 Corinthians 9:9; 1 Timothy 5:18. (From Homer down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βοῦς , βοός , , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H1241;]

an ox, a cow: Luke 13:15; Luke 14:5; Luke 14:19, John 2:14-15, 1 Corinthians 9:9 (LXX), 1 Timothy 5:18.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Except in acc. pl., the inflexions are the same as in Attic, e.g. τὴν βοῦν P Par 58.4 (ii/B.C.) (= Witkowski.2, p. 80), βοός P Fay 62.4 (A.D. 134), βόες , βοῶν , βουσί in Mayser Gr. p. 268. For acc. pl. βόας , as in John 2:14 f., see P Oxy IV. 729.16 (A.D. 137), P Gen I. 48.32 (A.D. 346); but in Ptolemaic times βοῦς survives in P Petr II. 32 (2b).3 (iii/B.C.). The originally Aeolic dat. βόεσι is found OGIS 200.15 (iv/A.D.) θρέψαντες αὐτοὺς βόεσιν : it may have been kept alive by poetry. In Ptolemaic papyri the word generally means cow : Mayser gives ";βοῦς ( ) "; without citing any cases of ὁ β ., though some are indeterminate. The word is quite rare in NT, as in post-Ptolemaic papyri, and has lost any differentia it once had. As with other words of irregular flexion, diminutives (such as βούδιον , βοΐδιον ) and synonyms encroached upon it. MGr has βούδι (βόδι or βόϊδι ). For φόρος βοῶν , the tax levied on those who kept bulls or cows, see Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 352, and on βουκόλος as a priestly title, as in P Lond 41.7 (B.C. 161) (= I. p. 27) ὁ βουκόλος τοῦ Ὀσοράπι , see Otto Priester i. p. 110. Βουκόλος is found in its ordinary sense of ";herdsman"; in P Flor III. 321.14f. (iii/A.D.)



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βοας βόας βόες βοί βοός βουν βούν βοῦν βους βούς βοῦς βουσί βουσίν βούτομον βούτυρον βουτύρου βουτύρω βοων βοών βοῶν boas bóas boon boôn boōn boō̂n boun boûn bous boûs
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