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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1016 - βοῦς
Dor. βῶς Theoc. 9.7, GDI 5005.5 (Gortyn), ὁ and ἡ: gen. βοός (written βοιός GDI iv p.883 No.62 (Erythrae)), poet. also βοῦ A. Fr. 421, S. Fr. 280: acc. βοῦν IG 12.45 A 11, etc., βῶν Il. 7.238 and Dor., IG 4.914.18, al. (Epid.), SIG 56.16 (Argos), Theoc. 27.64, Ion. and poet. also βόα Pherecyd. 162 J., AP 9.255 (Phil.): dual βόε Hes. Op. 436: pl., nom. βόες, rarely contr. βοῦς Ar. Fr. 760, Plu. Aem. 33, etc.: gen. βοῶν, contr. βῶν Hes. Th. 983; Bocot. βουῶν IG 7.3171.45: dat. βουσί, βόεσσι, βοσί AP 7.622 (Antiphil.); Boeot. βούεσσι IG 7.3171.38: acc. βόας Il. 5.556, al., βοῦς 1.154, al., S. Aj. 175 (lyr.), and Att., Antiph. 172.5, etc. (but later βόας John 2:14, POxy. 729.16 (ii A. D.), etc.): — I
1. bullock, bull, ox, or cow, in pl. cattle, commonly fem.: to mark the male Hom. adds a word, β. ἄρσην Il. 20.495; or ταῦρος β. 17.389; as a measure of value, βοὸς ἄξιον 23.885, cf. 7.474 and v. ἀλφεσίβοιος, ἑκατόμβοιος. βοῦς ἄγριος buffalo, Arist. HA 499a4. βοῦς ἐν Συρίᾳ zebu, ib. 606a15; β. ἐν Παιονίᾳ, perh. urus, Id. Mir. 842b33. βοὸς ὄμμα, = βούφθαλμος, AP 4.1.52 (Mel.).
2. metaph. of any dam or mother, μία β. Κρηθεῖ τε μάτηρ καὶ Σαλμωνεῖ Pi. P. 4.142; ἄπεχε τῆς β. τὸν ταῦρον A. Ag. 1125.
II = βοείη or βοέη (always fem.), ox-hide shield, νωμῆσαι βῶν Il. 7.238; τυκτῇσι βόεσσιν 12.105; βόας αὔας ib. 137; γέρρα λευκῶν β. X. An. 5.4.12.
1. a fish, perh. Notidanus griseus, Arist. HA 540b17, Fr. 280.
2. a fish of the Nile, Str. 17.2.4. ἔβδομος β. crescent loaf, Clidem. 16. seam, Poll. 7.65. the constellation Taurus, Max. 162. = μάστιξ, Hsch. prov., β. ἐπὶ γλώσσης ἐπιβαίνων Thgn. 815; βοῦς ἐπὶ γλώσσῃ βέβηκε A. Ag. 36; of people who keep silence from some weighty reason, τὸν βοῦν ἐπιτίθημι τῇ γλώττῃ Jul. Or. 7.218a; βοῦς ἐμβαίνει μέγας Strattis 67 (wrongly expld. by Zen. 2.70, etc., of bribery with coins bearing type of ox); β. ἐν πόλει 'bull in a china-shop', Diogcnian. 3.67; β. ἐν αὐλίῳ, of a useless person, Cratin. 32; β. λύρας 'pearls before swine', Macho ap. Ath. 8.349c. (βοῦς (from βωύς, Skt. gaús) acc. βῶν (Skt. gâ´m) are old forms: stem βωϝ-βοϝ-, cf. Lat. (Umbr.) bos, etc.)
βοῦς , βοός , ὁ , ἡ ,
[in LXX chiefly for H1241;]
an ox, a cow: Luke 13:15; Luke 14:5; Luke 14:19, John 2:14-15, 1 Corinthians 9:9 (LXX), 1 Timothy 5:18.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Except in acc. pl., the inflexions are the same as in Attic, e.g. τὴν βοῦν P Par 58.4 (ii/B.C.) (= Witkowski.2, p. 80), βοός P Fay 62.4 (A.D. 134), βόες , βοῶν , βουσί in Mayser Gr. p. 268. For acc. pl. βόας , as in John 2:14 f., see P Oxy IV. 729.16 (A.D. 137), P Gen I. 48.32 (A.D. 346); but in Ptolemaic times βοῦς survives in P Petr II. 32 (2b).3 (iii/B.C.). The originally Aeolic dat. βόεσι is found OGIS 200.15 (iv/A.D.) θρέψαντες αὐτοὺς βόεσιν : it may have been kept alive by poetry. In Ptolemaic papyri the word generally means cow : Mayser gives ";βοῦς (ἡ ) "; without citing any cases of ὁ β ., though some are indeterminate. The word is quite rare in NT, as in post-Ptolemaic papyri, and has lost any differentia it once had. As with other words of irregular flexion, diminutives (such as βούδιον , βοΐδιον ) and synonyms encroached upon it. MGr has βούδι (βόδι or βόϊδι ). For φόρος βοῶν , the tax levied on those who kept bulls or cows, see Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 352, and on βουκόλος as a priestly title, as in P Lond 41.7 (B.C. 161) (= I. p. 27) ὁ βουκόλος τοῦ Ὀσοράπι , see Otto Priester i. p. 110. Βουκόλος is found in its ordinary sense of ";herdsman"; in P Flor III. 321.14f. (iii/A.D.)
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter