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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1041 - βωμός
- an elevated place
- very often a raised place on which to offer a sacrifice, an altar
βωμός, ὁ, (βαίνω)
1. raised platform, stand, for chariots, Il. 8.441; base of a statue, Od. 7.100: but,
2. mostly, altar with a base, ἱερὸς β. Il. 2.305, etc.; πρὸς βωμῷ σφαγείς A. Eu. 305; βωμὸς ἀρῆς φυγάσιν ῥῦμα Id. Supp. 84 (lyr.); βωμῶν ἀπείργειν τινά Id. Ch. 293; ἀγυιεὺς β. S. Fr. 370; of suppliants, ποτὶ βωμὸν ἵζεσθαι Od. 22.334; βωμοσι προσῆσθαι, προσπεσόντα βωμῷ καθῆσθαι, S. OT 16, OC 1158; βωμὸν ἵζειν E. Ion 1314: also in Prose, β. ἱδρύσασθαι Hdt. 3.142, cf. Pl. Prt. 322a; ἱζόμενοι ἐπὶ τὸν β. Hdt. 6.108; ἐπὶ βωμῶν καθέζεσθαι Lys. 2.11.
3. later, tomb, cairn, Epigr.Gr. 319.
4. title of poems by Dosiades and Besantinus, AP 15.26and25, cf. Luc. Lex. 25.
5. altar-shaped cake, IG 2.1651 B,C, Poll. 6.76.
6. Ζεὺς Βωμός, prob. a Syrian god, Hermes 37.118 (Syria).
7. central fire in the system of Philolaus, acc. to Placit. 2.7.7.
8. in pl., = ἔμβολοι, Hsch.
βωμός, βωμοῦ, ὁ (see βουνός), an elevated place; very frequent in Greek writings from Homer down, a raised place on which to offer sacrifice, an altar: Acts 17:23. (Often in the Sept. for מִזְבֵּחַ.)
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βωμός , -οῦ , ὁ
(< βαίνω ),
1. any raised place, a platform.
2. an altar: Acts 17:23 (cf. θυσιαστήριον and v. DB, i, 75).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
βωμός , originally ";platform,"; like its kin βῆμα , has been specialized as a ἱερὸς βωμός , ";altar,"; from Homer down. It is common in the papyri and inscriptions. One or two instances must suffice. Thus in the curious P Petr II. p. , Fr. 4.12 (B.C. 241) it appears that the inhabitants of certain houses in Crocodilopolis built up the doors of their houses and set altars against them to avoid having Crown officials billeted on them—ὡσαύτως δὲ καὶ ἐνωικοδομηκότας τὰς θύρας τῶν οἰκιῶν βωμοὺς προσωικοδομήκασιν , τοῦτο δὲ πεποιήκασιν πρὸς τὸ μὴ ἐπισταθμεύεσθαι . Cf. also the phrase ἔξω ἱεροῦ βωμοῦ with reference to being outside the ";protection"; of a temple and altar, e.g. P Tebt I. 210.7 (B.C. 107) (= Chrest. I. 327), P Oxy IV. 785 (c. A.D. i), ib. X. 1258.8 (A.D. 45). In P Grenf II. 111.21 (v/vi A.D.) βωμὸς χαλκ (οῦς ) α ̄ is mentioned in an inventory of church property. For the φόρος βωμῶν paid by the priests see Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 352 f.
Reference may be made to the inscr. Ζεὺς Βωμός , found on or near an altar erected before a Greek temple in Central Syria. According to L. R. Farnell (Year’s Work in Classical Studies, 1909, p. 61) this ";frank identification of the god with the altar"; probably arises from Syrian rather than Hellenic thought. But there was Hellenic thought also : see the account of the whole matter in A. B. Cook, Zeus, i. p. 519 f
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