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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1051 - γάλα

Root Word (Etymology)
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. milk
  2. a metaph. for the less difficult Christian truths
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2461 ‑ חָלָב (khaw‑lawb');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
1 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
1 Peter 1
NAS (5)
1 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
1 Peter 1
CSB (5)
1 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
1 Peter 1
BSB (5)
1 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
1 Peter 1
ESV (3)
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 2
WEB (5)
1 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γάλα [ ], τό, gen. γάλακτος (also γάλακος, dat. γάλακι Call. Hec. 1.4.4, prob. in Pherecr. 108.18, cf. An.Ox. 4.338), also τοῦ γάλα indecl., Pl.Com. 238: dat. pl. γάλαξι Pl. Lg. 887d. (For γλακτ-, cf. Lat. lac for glact):


1. milk, ἀμελγόμενοι γ. λευκόν Il. 4.434, cf. Od. 4.88, etc.; εὔποτον γ., εὐτραφὲς γ., A. Pers. 611, Ch. 898; ἐν γάλακτι ὤν, τεθραμμένη, at the breast, E. HF 1266, Pl. Ti. 81c; ἐν γάλαξι τρέφεσθαι Id. Lg. l.c. (so metaph., ἐν σπαργάνοις καὶ γάλαξιν εἶναι, of art, Ael. VH 8.8); διδόναι γάλα X. Cyn. 7.4; ἐμπλῆσαι γάλακτος to fill full of milk, Theoc. 24.3: metaph., οἶνος, Ἀφροδίτης γ. Ar. Fr. 596.

2. ὀρνίθων γ. (ὄρνιθος γάλα, = ὀρνιθόγαλον, Nic. Fr. 71.5, Dsc. 2.144), prov. of rare and dainty things, Ar. V. 508, Av. 734, Mcn. 936; τὸ λεγόμενον, σπανιώτατον πάρεστιν ὀρνίθων γ. Mnesim. 9, cf. Ach. Tat. Intr.Arat. 4 (expld. by Anaxag. 22 as white of egg, cf. Sch. Luc. Merc.Cond. 13).

3. ἀγαθὸν γ. a good wet-nurse, Call. Epigr. 51; οὐδ' εἰ γ. λαγοῦ εἶχον.. καὶ ταὧς, κατήσθιον Alex. 123.

II milky sap of plants, Thphr. HP 6.3.4, etc.

III the milky way, Parm. 11, Arist. Mete. 345a12, Arat. 476; but ὁ τοῦ γάλακτος κύκλος Euc. Phaen. p.4M., Gem. 5.69.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

γάλα, γάλακτος (cf. Latinlac; Curtius, § 123), τό (from Homer down), milk: 1 Corinthians 9:7. Metaphorically, of the less difficult truths of the Christian religion, 1 Corinthians 3:2; Hebrews 5:12f (Quintilian 2, 4, 5 "doctoribus hoc esse curae velim,ut teneras adhuc mentes more nutricum mollius alant et satiari velut quodam jucundioris disciplinae lacte patiantur," (cf. Siegfried, Philo von Alex., p. 329, cf. p. 261)); of the word of God, by which souls newly regenerate are healthfully nourished unto growth in the Christian life, 1 Peter 2:2.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γάλα , -ακτος , τό ,

[in LXX for H2461;]

milk: 1 Corinthians 9:7. Metaph., of elementary Christian teaching: 1 Corinthians 3:2, Hebrews 5:12-13; τὸ λογικὸν ἄδολον γ ., the rational (spiritual) genuine milk (v. Hart, in l), 1 Peter 2:2 (in support of AV, milk of the word, v. ICC, in l).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy IV. 736.48 (c. A.D. 1) γάλακτος παιδ (ῶν ) (ἡμιωβέλιον ), ";milk for the children ½ ob.,"; in a private account; ib. IX. 1211.10 (ii/A.D.) ἔλεον , μέλι , γάλα , articles for a sacrifice; Syll 804.15 (? ii/A.D.) γάλα μετὰ μέλιτος προλαβεῖν (= ";edere,"; Dittenberger); BGU IV. 1055.17 (B.C. 13) σταμμνὸν ὀκτοκαίδεκα κοτυρον (= κοτυλῶν ) γάλακτος βοήου (= βοείου ) ἀρεστοῦ , to be a daily allowance; ib. 1109.6 (B.C. 5) συνχωρεῖ . . . παρασχέσθαι τὴν δούλην αὑ [τ ]οῦ Χρωτάριο (ν ) τροφεύουσαν καὶ θηλάζουσαν τῶι ἰδίῳ αὐτῆς γάλακτι καθαρῷ καὶ ἀφθόρωι —the last a sample of numerous contracts with nurses. In connexion with the use of γάλα in 1 Peter 2:2, it may be mentioned that Reitzenstein (Die hell. Mysterienreligionen, pp. 84, 157) shows that milk plays a prominent part in the mystery-cults. He quotes Sallust περὶ θεῶν 4, where milk, the new birth, and crowns are all mentioned together—ἑορτὴν ἄγομεν διὰ ταῦτα . . . ἐπὶ τούτοις γάλακτος τροφή , ὡς ἀναγεννωμένων · ἐφ᾽ οἷς ἱλαρεῖαι καὶ στέφανοι καὶ πρὸς τοὺς θεοὺς οἷον ἐπάνοδος . For the compounds γαλακτοφόρος , -ία , and -έω , see P Lond 3.22 (B.C. 146 or 135) (= I. p. 46), BGU I. 297.14 (A.D. 50), and P Tebt II. 399 (ii/A.D.). The word is MGr.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γαλα γάλα γαλαθηνά γαλαθηνόν γαλαθινόν γάλακτι γαλακτος γάλακτος γάλακτός gala gála galaktos gálaktos
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