Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #109 - ἀήρ

Transliteration
aḗr
Phonetics
ah-ayr'
Origin
from aemi (to breathe unconsciously, i.e. respire by analogy, to blow)
Parts of Speech
noun, masculine
TDNT
1:165,25
Definition
Thayer's
  1. the air, particularly the lower and denser air as distinguished from the higher and rarer air
  2. the atmospheric region
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7834 ‑ שַׁחַק (shakh'‑ak);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (7)
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
Revelation
2
NAS (7)
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
Revelation
2
HCS (7)
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
Revelation
2
BSB (7)
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
Revelation
2
ESV (7)
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
Revelation
2
WEB (7)
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
Revelation
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀήρ, ἀέρος, Hom. ἀήρ, ἠέρος; Ion. nom. ἠήρ Hp. Aër. 6,al., Aret. CA 2.3; Aeol. αὐήρ Sch. Pi. P. 2.52; Dor. ἀβήρ (i.e. ἀϜήρ) Hsch.: fem. in Hom. and Hes. (exc. Op. 549), Anaxag. ap. Thphr. Sens. 30; from Hdt downwds. masc. (Il. 5.776, 8.50, h.Cer. 383 cannot be quoted for the masc. usage, since there πουλύς and βαθύς need not be masc.):

I

1. in Hom. and Hes. always mist, haze, not (as Aristarch.) lower air (opp. αἰθήρ, q.v.); [ἐλάτη] μακροτάτη πεφυυῖα δι' ἠέρος αἰθέρ' ἵκανεν Il. 14.288, cf. Anaxag. 1, Ar. Nu. 264s q.; περὶ δ' ἠέρα πουλὺν ἔχευεν Il. 5.776, cf. 3.381, 8.50; ἠέρα μὲν σκέδας εν καὶ ἀπῶσεν ὀμί χλην 17.649; τρὶς δ' ἠέρα τύψε βαθεῖαν 20.446; rare in Prose, Hp. l.c.

2. later, generally, air, Anaxim.1, Emp. 17.18, S. El. 87, Ar. Av. 187, 694, etc.; πρὸς τὸν ἀέρα διατρίβειν in the open air, Ar. Nu. 198, cf. Teles p.11.3 H., Luc. Anach. 24; τὸν ἀέρ' ἕλκειν καθαρόν Philyll. 20, cf. Philem. 119; ἔσπασας τὸν ἀ. τὸν κοινόν Men. 531.7; ἀέρα δέρειν 1 Corinthians 9:26; εἰς ἀέρᾳ λαλεῖν ib. 14.9: in pl., Pl. Phd. 98c, 98d; climates, Hp. Aër. tit., cf. Men.Rh.p.383 S.; of mephitic exhalations, Str. 5.4.5.

3. personified, ὦ δέσποτ' ἄναξ ἀμέτ ρητ' Ἀ. Ar. Nu. 264; Ἀ. ὃν ἄν τις ὀνομάσειε καὶ Δία Philem. 91.4, cf. Diph. 126.6.

II

1. hot-air room in baths, Gal. 11.14.

2. volume, Hero *Stereom. 57,al.

III a pigment, sky-blue or grey, Id. Aut. 28.3. [ , except in Arist. Fr. 642, Ps.-Phoc. [108].]

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀήρ , ἀέρος , ,

[in LXX: 2 Kings 22:12 (= Psalms 18:11, H7834), Wisdom of Solomon 8:1-21;]

in Hom., Hes., the lower air which surrounds the earth, as opp. to the purer αἰθήρ of the higher regions; generally, air (MM, VGT, s.v.): Acts 22:23, 1 Thessalonians 4:17, Revelation 9:2; Revelation 16:17; of the air as the realm of demons, Ephesians 2:2; . δρεινέ of striving to no purpose, 1 Corinthians 9:26; εἰς ἀ λαλεῖν , of speaking without effect, not being understood, 1 Corinthians 14:9.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A very late (vi/A.D.) citation may be made from an illiterate document which fairly proves the word in continued vernacular use : P Lond 991.10 ( = III. p. 258) ἀπὸ θημελίου ἕως ἀέρως. Vettius Valens p. 330.19 has ὅ τε περικεχυμένος ἀὴρ ἄφθαρτος ὑπάρχων καὶ διήκων εἰς ἡμᾶς ἀπόρροιαν καιρικὴν ἀθανασίας ἀπονέμει κτλ. In Wünsch AF 4.37 (iii/A.D.) we have ἀέρος τὴν ἐξουσίαν ἔχοντα Ωη Ἰάω εεαφ —but in syncretic documents of this kind a reminiscence of Ephesians 2:2 is not excluded. Add P Leid Wxviii. 38 ὁ ἀέρα βλέπων. In BGU IV. 1207.6 (B.C. 28) we find some gauzy fabrics described as ἀεροε ̣[ι ]δ ̣ ̣. The noun survives in MGr.

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

ἀήρ, perhaps metaphorical in P Oxy XIV. 1672.15 (A.D. 37–41), see the editors’ note. The word = ";wind"; in ib. 1682.4 (iv/A.D.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αερα αέρα ἀέρα αερος αέρος ἀέρος αέρων αηρ αήρ ἀὴρ aer aēr aḕr aera aéra aeros aéros
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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