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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1117 - γόμος
- a lading or freight of a ship, cargo, merchandise conveyed in a ship
- any merchandise
γόμος, ὁ, (γέμω)
1. ship's freight, cargo, A. Supp. 444 (dub.), D. 32.4; πεντακισχιλίων ταλάντων γόμον ἔχειν to be of 5,000 talents burden, Hdt. 1.194.
2. beast's load, Babr. 7.11, LXX Exodus 23:5, al., PAmh. 2.138.11 (pl., iv A. D.); γ. καμηλικός OGI 629.87, al. (Palmyra, ii A. D.); γ. καρρικός ib.16.
3. guild of transport-agents in Nubia, CIG 4980, al.
II γὁμος· ζωμός, Hsch.
γόμος , -ου , ὁ
(< γέμω ),
[in LXX: Exodus 23:5, 2 Kings 5:17 (H4853)*;]
a ship's freight, cargo: Acts 21:3, Revelation 18:11-12†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
γόμος is common of the cargo or freight of a ship as in Acts 21:3, e.g. P Oxy I. 63.6 (ii/iii A.D.) προνόησον σὺν πάσῃ σπουδῇ ἐνβαλέσθαι αὐτοῦ τὸν γόμον , ";please to see that his freight is embarked with all despatch"; (Edd), ib. IV. 708.3, .16 (A.D. 188) τοῦ ] καταχθέντος γόμου , ";the cargo despatched."; It may also be a term of quantity, a ";load,"; as in Ostr 1258 (A.D. 88) ἀπέχω παρὰ σοῦ γόμος (sc. -ον ) ἀχύρου α ̄, ib. 1010.5 (Roman) τήν αὐθεντικὴν ἀποχὴν ἀχύρ [ου ] γόμου ἑνός . Ib. 1015.4 (ii/iii A.D.) shows the plural : cf. P Fay 102 (c. A.D. 105), a series of farm accounts, in which we read of γόμοι and δράγμ (ατα ) of wheat and barley. Another kind of merchandise figures in P Flor III. 369.18 (A.D. 139 or 149) κ (αὶ ) δώσο κατ᾽ ἔτος ξύλων καθάρσεων γόμον ἕνα . An inscr. from Lower Egypt, beyond Philae, dated A.D. 214–5, OGIS 209.3, gives the title ἱερεὺς γόμου to a certain Apollonius Soter. Dittenberger’s note cites about forty inscrr. for this title, and others where a προστάτης τοῦ γόμου accompanies this priest. He observes that, since γόμος always means a ship’s load, these inscriptions must refer to the naves onerariae : οἱ ἀπὸ τοῦ γόμου is in several inscrr. a term for the whole of this service. In these the special ref. is to the boats carrying stone from the quarries.
The verb γομόω is mentioned above under γεμίζω : for some instances see P Flor II. 129.5 (A.D. 256) ὅπως γομώσῃ τὰ ξύλα , P Oxy VI. 938.6 (iii/iv A.D.), and P. Giss I. 54.11 (iv/v A.D.) πλοῖα παρῆλθαν (l.–εν ) γομώμενα .
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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