Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1125 - γράφω

Transliteration
gráphō
Phonetics
graf'-o
Origin
a root word
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
1:742,128
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to write, with reference to the form of the letters
    1. to delineate (or form) letters on a tablet, parchment, paper, or other material
  2. to write, with reference to the contents of the writing
    1. to express in written characters
    2. to commit to writing (things not to be forgotten), write down, record
    3. used of those things which stand written in the sacred books (of the OT)
    4. to write to one, i.e. by writing (in a written epistle) to give information, directions
  3. to fill with writing
  4. to draw up in writing, compose
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1881 ‑ דָּת (dawth);  2710 ‑ חָקַק (khaw‑kak');  3789 ‑ כָּתַב (kaw‑thab');  3789 ‑ כָּתַב (kaw‑thab');  5927 ‑ עָלָה (aw‑law');  7049 ‑ קָלַע (kaw‑lah');  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (216)
Matthew
10
Mark
11
Luke
22
John
24
Acts
13
Romans
22
1 Corinthians
19
2 Corinthians
12
Galatians
8
Ephesians
1
Philippians
2
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
2
2 Timothy
1
Titus
1
Philemon
3
Hebrews
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
3
1 John
14
2 John
2
3 John
3
Jude
2
Revelation
31
NAS (192)
Matthew
10
Mark
10
Luke
20
John
22
Acts
13
Romans
21
1 Corinthians
18
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
7
Philippians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
2
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
13
2 John
2
3 John
3
Jude
2
Revelation
29
HCS (177)
Matthew
8
Mark
9
Luke
16
John
23
Acts
12
Romans
21
1 Corinthians
18
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
7
Philippians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
2
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
13
2 John
2
3 John
3
Jude
2
Revelation
21
BSB (192)
Matthew
10
Mark
10
Luke
20
John
23
Acts
12
Romans
21
1 Corinthians
18
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
7
Philippians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
2
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
13
2 John
2
3 John
3
Jude
2
Revelation
29
ESV (153)
Matthew
4
Mark
7
Luke
14
John
16
Acts
10
Romans
16
1 Corinthians
16
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
7
Philippians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
13
Revelation
29
WEB (199)
Matthew
9
Mark
11
Luke
22
John
23
Acts
13
Romans
21
1 Corinthians
17
2 Corinthians
11
Galatians
7
Philippians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
Philemon
2
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
4
1 John
14
2 John
2
3 John
3
Jude
2
Revelation
30
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γράφω [],

fut. -ψω Hdt. 1.95, etc.: aor. ἔγραψα, γράψα Il. 17.599: pf. γέγραφα Cratin. 124, Th. 5.26, etc.; later γεγράφηκα PHib. 1.78.2 (iii B. C.): Med., fut. γράψομαι Ar. Pax 107, etc. (but in pass. sense, Gal. Protr. 13): aor. ἐγραψάμην Ar. V. 894, etc.: Pass., fut. γρᾰφήσομαι Hp. Acut. 26, Nicom.Com. 1.39, (μετεγ-) Ar. Eq. 1370; more freq. γεγράψομαι S. OT 411, Theoc. 18.47, etc.: aor. ἐγράφην [ ], Hdt. 4.91, Pl. Prm. 128c, etc.; ἐγράφθην SIG 57.5 (Milet., v B. C.), Archim. Fluit. 2.4: pf. γέγραμμαι (also in med. sense, v. fin.), 3 sg. ἔγραπται Opp. C. 3.274; part. ἐγραμμένος or ἠγρ- SIG 9 (Elis, dub.), Leg.Gort. 1.45, al.; later γεγράφημαι Ph. 2.637: 3 pl. γεγράφαται IG 12.57.10, Dor. γεγράβανται Schwyzer 90.12 (Argos): plpf. ἐγέγραπτο X. Mem. 1.2.64: 3 pl. ἐγεγράφατο D.C. 56.32. Used by Hom. only in aor. Act.:

I

1. scratch, graze, αἰχμὴ γράψεν οἱ ὀστέον ἄχρις Il. 17.599; γράψας ἐν πίνακι πτυκτῷ θυμοφθόρα πολλά having marked or drawn signs thereon, 6.169: hence, later, represent by lines, draw, paint, Hdt. 2.41, A. Eu. 50, Pl. R. 377e; γῆς περιόδους γ. draw maps, Hdt. 4.36; γ. Ἔρωθ' ὑπόπτερον Eub. 41.1; προσπεπατταλευμένον γ. τὸν Προμηθέα Men. 535.2; ἀνδριάντα γ. Pl. R. 420c; ζῷα γ., = ζωγραφεῖν (q. v.), Id. Grg. 453c: metaph., ὁπόσα τοὺς λειμῶνας αἱ ὧραι γράφουσι Philostr. Im.Praef.: Med., ζῷα γράφεσθαι Hdt. 4.88: Pass., εἰκὼν γεγραμμένη Ar. Ra. 537; πίνακες γεγραμμένοι τὰ Ἀλεξάνδρου ἔργα Philostr. VA 2.20.

2. Math., describe a figure, Euc. Post. 3, al., Archim. Sph.Cyl. 1.23, al., Gal. 1.47. of a point or line in motion, generate a figure, Arist. Mech. 848b10, al.; τὸ σαμεῖον ἕλικα γράψει Archim. Sph.Cyl. 1, cf. Apollon.Perg. Con. 1.2, Hero Aut. 8.1.

3. brand, mark, Opp. C. 1.326: Pass. in form γεγράφαται, ib. 322.

II

1. express by written characters, write, τι Hdt. 1.125, etc.; γ. διαθήκην Pl. Lg. 923c, cf. X. Cyr. 4.5.34 (Pass.); γ. τινὶ ὅτι.. Th. 7.14; γ. τινί, c. inf., SIG 552.13 (Abae, iii B. C.); γ. τι εἰς διφθέρας Hdt. 5.58: prov., ὅρκους.. γυναικὸς εἰς ὕδωρ γράφω S. Fr. 811, cf. Xenarch. 6; εἰς τέφραν γ. Philonid. 7; εἰς ὕδωρ, ἐν ὕδατι, Men. Mon. 25, Pl. Phdr. 276c; ἐν χρυσῷ πίνακι Id. Criti. 120c; ἐν φλοιῷ Theoc. 18.47; καθ' ὕδατος Luc. Cat. 21; εἰς πέλαγος γράμματα γράψαι Epigr.Gr. 1038.8 (Attalia): Pass., πόθι φρενὸς γέγραπται in what leaf of memory it is written, Pi. O. 10(11).3.

2. inscribe, γ. εἰς σκῦλα, εἰς στήλην, E. Ph. 574, D. 9.41: Pass., γράφεσθαί τι to be inscribed with a thing, S. Tr. 157; ὧδε γέγραμμαι have my name inscribed, IG 12(7).3 * (dub.); ἐν τῷ προσώπῳ γραφεὶς τὴν συμφοράν having it branded on his forehead, Pl. Lg. 854d; γεγραμμένα κωκύουσαν, of the hyacinth, Euph. 40.

3. write down, γ. τινὰ αἴτιον set him down as the cause, Hdt. 7.214; γ. τι ἱερόν τινι register as.., Pi. O. 3.30; in magic, invoke a curse upon, Tab.Defix.Aud. 14 A 1; γ. τινὰ κληρονόμον, ἐπίτροπον, institute by a written document, Pl. Lg. 923c, 924a; register, enrol, ἐμὲ γράφε τῶν ἱππεύειν ὑπερεπιθυμούντων X. Cyr. 4.3.21; οὐ Κρέοντος προστάτου γεγράψομαι, as a dependent of Cr., S. OT 411.

4. γ. τινί write a letter to one, γ. σοὶ ἵνα εἰδῇς PGrenf. 1.11 ii 21 (ii B. C.), etc.; εἴς τινα Luc. Syr.D. 23.

5. γ. περί τίνος write on a subject, X. Cyn. 13.2, etc.; ὑπέρ τινος Plb. 1.1.4, etc.; εἴς τινα against.., Longin. 4.3; πρός τινα address a work to.., Id. 1.3; describe, οἱ ὑφ' ἡμῶν γραφόμενοι καιροί Plb. 2.56.4; esp. of Prose, opp. ποιεῖν, Isoc. 2.48: c. dupl. acc., τί.. γράψειειν ἄν σε μουσοποιὸς ἐν τάφῳ; E. Tr. 1189.

6. write down a law to be proposed: hence, propose, move, γνώμην, νόμον, ψήφισμα, etc., X. HG 1.7.34, Ar. Nu. 1429, etc.: abs. (sc. νόμον), D. 18.179; γ. καὶ νομοθετεῖν περί τινος Id. 24.48; γ. πόλεμον, εἰρήνην, Id. 10.55, 19.55: c. inf., σὺ γράφεις ταῦτ' εἶναι στρατιωτικά Id. 1.19; ἔγραψα.. ἀποπλεῖν.. τοὺς πρέσβεις Id. 18.25; enact, νόμοι οὓς τὸ πλῆθος συνελθὸν ἔγραψε X. Mem. 1.2.42: Pass., παρὰ τὰ γραφέντα δρᾶν Pl. Plt. 295d; τὸ γεγραμμένον ὑπὸ σοῦ ψήφις μα Din. 1.70.

7. prescribe, ordain, πότμος ἔγραψε Pi. N. 6.7.

8. ὁ γράφων τὸν Ὀξυρυγχίτην (sc. νομόν) the secretary for the nome of Oxyrhynchus, POxy. 239.1 (i A. D.); τῷ ἰδίῳ λόγῳ γράφοντι τὸν νομόν PFlor. 358.5 (ii A. D.). Med., write for oneself or for one's own use, note down, Hdt. 2.82, IG 12.57.39, etc.; γ. τι ἐν φρεσίν A. Ch. 450 (lyr.); φρενῶν ἔσω S. Ph. 1325; ἐγραψάμην ὑπομνήματα I wrote me down some memoranda, Pl. Tht. 143a;

1. cause to be written, συγγραφήν D. 56.6, etc.; γ. πρόσοδον πρὸς τὴν βουλήν petition for a hearing before the Council, Id. 24.48.

2. enrol oneself, γράψασθαι φυλῆς καὶ δήμου καὶ φρατρίας IG 12.374.16, ib.2.115b21: abs., of colonists, Pl. Lg. 850b; but also (cf. A. 11.3), ἕνα τῶν μαθητῶν ἐμὲ γράφου enrol me as one of your disciples, Id. Cra. 428b.

3. as law-term, γ. τινά to indict one, τινός for some public offence, e.g. τῆς αἰσχροκερδείας, Pl. Lg. 754e; γ. [τινὰ] παρανόμων D. 18.13; in full, γραφὴν γράψασθαί τινα Ar. Nu. 1482 (but in Pass., εἴ σοι γράφοιτο δίκη ib. 758); γράψασθαι δίκας SIG 344.38 (Teos): c. acc. et inf., γ. τινὰ ἀδικεῖν Ar. V. 894, cf. Pax 107: abs., οἱ γραψάμενοι the prosecutors, Id. V. 881; ἑτέροις οὐκ ἦν γράψασθαι And. 1.75; also γράφεσθαί τι indict an act, i. e. the doer of it, as criminal, ἐγράψατο τὴν Χαβρίου δωρειάν he brought a γραφὴ παρανόμων against the person who proposed the grant to Chabrias, D. 20.146, cf. 95; τὸ χάριν τούτων ἀποδοῦναι παρανόμων γράφει (2 sg.) Id. 18.119. Pass., to be indicted, γραφεὶς ἀπέφυγον D. 18.103; τοῦτο τὸ ψήφισμα ἐγράφη παρανόμων was indicted as illegal, Aeschin. 3.62; ψηφίσματα ὑπὸ τούτου οὐδὲ γραφέντα not even indicted, D. 18.222 (but in 18.28, εἰ μὴ τοῦτ' ἐγράφη if this decree had not been proposed, as Pass. of A. 11.6); τὰ γεγραμμένα the articles of the indictment, Id. 18.56; τὸ γεγραμμένον the penalty named in the indiclment, Id. 24.83: but γέγραμμαι usu. takes the sense of the Med., indict, Id. 18.59, 119, cf. Pl. Euthphr. 2b, Tht. 210d.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γράφω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3789];

1. to scrape, graze (Hem.), and later (Hat.) to sketch, draw.

2. to write;

(a) of forming or tracing letters on writing material: John 8:6, Galatians 6:11, 2 Thessalonians 3:17;

(b) to express in writing, commit to writing, record: Luke 1:63, John 19:21-22, Revelation 1:11; Revelation 1:19, al.; of scripture as a standing authority (Deiss., BS, 112 ff.), γέγραπται , it stands written (Luther), Matthew 4:4, Mark 7:6, Luke 4:8, Romans 1:17, 1 Corinthians 1:31, al.; id. seq. ἐν , Mark 1:2, Acts 1:20, al.; c. acc, to write of: John 1:46, Romans 10:5; seq. περί , Matthew 26:24, Mark 14:21, John 5:46, al.; c. dat. (WM, § 31, 4), Luke 18:31; id. seq. ἵνα (M, Pr., 207 f.), Mark 12:19, Luke 20:28; κατὰ τ . γεγραμμένον , 2 Corinthians 4:13; γεγραμμένον ἐστί , John 2:17; ἐγράφη δι᾽ ἡμᾶς , Romans 4:24; ἐπ ' αὐτῷ γεγραμμένα , John 12:16;

(c) of writing directions or information, c. dat. pers.: Romans 15:15, 2 Corinthians 7:12, al.;

(d) of that which contains the record or message: βιβλίον , Mark 10:4, John 21:25, Revelation 5:1; τίτλον , John 19:19; ἐπιστολήν , Acts 23:25; ἐντολήν , Mark 10:5

(cf. ἀπο -, ἐγ -, ἐπι -, κατα -, προ -).

ἐν -γράφω

(L, Tr., ἐγγ -),

[in LXX chiefly for H3789;]

1. to inscribe, write in: pass., seq. ἐν , 2 Corinthians 3:2-3.

2. to enter in a register, enrol: pass., Luke 10:20 (cf. 1 Maccabees 13:40; and v. Dalman, Words, 209).†

κατα -γράφω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3789;]

to trace, draw in outline (= Att... ἀναγρ -): John 8:6

(ἔγραφεν , Rec.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Deissmann (BS, pp. 112 ff. 249 f.) has shown the widespread juristic use in the papyri of the ";biblical"; γέγραπται with reference to the regulative and authoritative character of the document referred to, e.g. P Par 13.13 (probably B.C. 157) ἐὰν δὲ μὴ ποήσῃ καθότι γέγραπται , ἀποτίνειν αὐτὸν τὴν φέρνην παραχρῆμα σὺν τῇ ἡμιολίᾳ , in connexion with a marriage contract, P Leid O.19 (B.C. 89) ἐὰν δὲ μ [ὴ ἀποδῷ καθ [ότι ] γέγραπται , ἀποτεισάτω Πετειμούθης κτλ . To the examples from the inscriptions we may add Priene 105.83 (c. B.C. 9) ὡς καὶ ἐν τῷ Κορνελίωι νόμωι γέγραπται , and 12.12 (soon after B.C. 300) κατὰ τὰ γεγραμμένα of a preceding decree (cf. 2 Corinthians 4:13) : see Rouffiac, p. 49 f.

For the authenticating autographic signatures to the Pauline letters, as 2 Thessalonians 3:17 ὁ ἀσπασμὸς τῇ ἐμῇ χειρὶ Παύλου , ὅ ἐστιν σημεῖον ἐν πάσῃ ἐπιστολῇ · οὕτως γράφω , see Deissmann LAE, p. 153, Milligan Documents, p. 24 f., and H. Erman in Mélanges Nicole, p. 130 ff. The perf. γεγράφηκα occurs in P Hib I. 78.2 (B.C. 244–2), BGU IV. 1205.10 (B.C. 28), both in participle : γέγραφα is exceedingly common. MGr shows the traces of both passive aorists (ἐγράφτηκα and ἐγράφηκα ). Abbott (Songs, p. 290) cites a modern proverb ὅτι γράφει δὲν ξεγράφει , ";what is written cannot be unwritten"; : cf. John 19:22.

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

For early exx. of διά τινος ἐγράφη , see the note to P Oxy XIV. 1627.29.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γέγρααπται γεγραμμενα γεγραμμένα γεγραμμέναι γεγραμμενας γεγραμμένας γεγραμμένη γεγραμμενην γεγραμμένην γεγραμμενοι γεγραμμένοι γεγραμμενοις γεγραμμένοις γεγραμμενον γεγραμμένον γεγραμμενος γεγραμμένος γεγραμμένους γεγραμμενων γεγραμμένων γεγραπται γέγραπται γεγραφα γέγραφα γραφε γράφε γραφει γράφει γραφειν γράφειν γραφέντα γραφέντες γραφεσθαι γράφεσθαι γράφεται γραφήναι γραφήσονται γραφηται γράφηται γραφήτω γραφήτωσαν γραφομεν γράφομεν γραφομενα γραφόμενα γράφοντες γραφόντων γραφούσης γράφουσι γράφουσιν γραφω γράφω γραφων γράφων γραψαι γράψαι γραψαντες γράψαντες γραψας γράψας γράψατε γράψει γράψεις γράψετε γράψη γραψης γράψῃς γραψον γράψον γραψω γράψω εγέγραπτο εγραφεν έγραφεν ἔγραφεν εγραφη εγράφη έγραφη ἐγράφη έγραφον εγραψα έγραψα έγραψά ἔγραψα ἔγραψά εγραψαν έγραψαν ἔγραψαν έγραψας εγραψατε εγράψατέ ἐγράψατε έγραψε εγραψεν έγραψεν ἔγραψεν κατεγραφεν κατέγραφεν egraphe egraphē egráphe egráphē egraphen égraphen egrapsa égrapsa égrapsá egrapsan égrapsan egrapsate egrápsate egrapsen égrapsen gegrammena gegramména gegrammenas gegramménas gegrammenen gegrammenēn gegramménen gegramménēn gegrammenoi gegramménoi gegrammenois gegramménois gegrammenon gegrammenōn gegramménon gegramménōn gegrammenos gegramménos gegrapha gégrapha gegraptai gégraptai graphe gráphe graphei gráphei graphein gráphein graphesthai gráphesthai graphetai graphētai gráphetai gráphētai grapho graphō grápho gráphō graphomen gráphomen graphomena graphómena graphon graphōn gráphon gráphōn grapsai grápsai grapsantes grápsantes grapsas grápsas grápseis grápsēis grapses grapsēs grapso grapsō grápso grápsō grapson grápson kategraphen katégraphen
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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