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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1881 - דָּת
1) decree, law, edict, regulation, usage
1a) decree, edict, commission
1b) law, rule
1091) td (דת DT) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Law: The pictograph d is a picture of a door meaning enter or entrance. The t is a mark. Combined these pictures mean "entering with a mark". When two parties agree to follow the laws of a covenant, a mark is given as a sign of continued allegiance.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
דָּת f. constr. דַּת, pl. דָּתִים. constr. דָּתֵי a word belonging to the later Hebrew and Chaldee (see below [Specially Deuteronomy 33:2 ]); prob. of Persic origin, i.q. Heb. חֹק a statute, pr. something set; Saß, Saßung, Gefeß; Pers. داد right, justice, from دادن to give, to set, to command; Pehlev. Dadha, Dadestan; Zend. Daetie; Arm. ղ-ատ judgment (Syr. ܕܳܬܐܳ ܕܬܰܐܳ placitum). [In Thes. it is suggested that this word may be from יָדָה in the sense to shew, to point out.] In the Old Test. it denotes
(1) a law, Esther 1:13, 15, 19 2:12, כְּרָת הַיּוֹם “according to the law of to-day,” as to day; 9:13.
(2) a royal mandate, an edict, Esther 3:14, 8:13 9:14. To this I also refer the words, Deuteronomy 33:2, מִימִינוֹ אֵשׁ דָּת לָמוֹ “at his (Jehovah’s) right hand fire, to be a rule for them (Israel) in journeying,” referring to the pillar of fire. Others render it a fire of law, a law given with fire. Vulg. lex ignea, and similarly Syr., Chald., Arab.
דָּת Chald. f.
(1) law, Daniel 6:9, 13, 16. דָּתָא דִּי אֱלָהּ “the law of God;” Ezra 7:12, 21 Ezra 7:21.
(2) religion, system of religion, Daniel 6:6, בְּדָת אֱלָהֵהּ “in the law of his God,” in his religion; compare 7:25. (The Rabbins also apply this word to Christianity and Mohammedanism.)
(3) an edict, a decree, Daniel 2:13, 15.
(4) counsel, plan, purpose, Daniel 2:9, חֲדָה הִיא דַתְכוֹן “this only is your counsel.” [This passage is referred in Thes. to the signification of edict, decree, “one thing is decreed for you.”]
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