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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1140 - δαιμόνιον

Transliteration
daimónion
Phonetics
dahee-mon'-ee-on
Origin
neuter of a derivative of (1142)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
2:1,137
Definition
Thayer's
  1. the divine power, deity, divinity
  2. a spirit, a being inferior to God, superior to men
  3. evil spirits or the messengers and ministers of the devil
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 457 ‑ אֱלִיל (el‑eel');  1408 ‑ גַּד (gad);  6728 ‑ צִי (tsee‑ee');  7700 ‑ שֵׁד (shade);  8163 ‑ שָׂעִר (saw‑eer', saw‑eer');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (60)
Matthew
11
Mark
13
Luke
22
John
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
4
1 Timothy
1
James
1
Revelation
1
NAS (63)
Matthew
11
Mark
13
Luke
23
John
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
4
1 Timothy
1
James
1
Revelation
3
HCS (63)
Matthew
11
Mark
13
Luke
23
John
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
4
1 Timothy
1
James
1
Revelation
3
BSB (63)
Matthew
11
Mark
13
Luke
23
John
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
4
1 Timothy
1
James
1
Revelation
3
ESV (58)
Matthew
11
Mark
12
Luke
21
John
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
4
1 Timothy
1
James
1
Revelation
1
WEB (59)
Matthew
11
Mark
12
Luke
22
John
6
Acts
1
1 Corinthians
4
1 Timothy
1
James
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δαιμόνιον, τό,

I divine Power, Divinity, Hdt. 5.87, E. Ba. 894 (lyr.), Isoc. 1.13, Pl. R. 382e, etc.; τὸ δαιμόνιον ἄρ' ἢ θεὸς ἢ θεοῦ ἔργον Arist. Rh. 1398a15, cf. 1419a9; οἱ θεοὶ εἴσονται καὶ τὸ δ. D. 19.239; φοβεῖσθαι μή τι δ. πράγματ' ἐλαύνῃ some fatality, Id. 9.54; τὰ τοῦ δ. the favours of forlune, Pl. Epin. 992d.

II

1. inferior divine being, μεταξὺ θεοῦ τε καὶ θνητοῦ Id. Smp. 202e; καινὰ δ. εἰσφέρειν X. Mem. 1.1.2, Pl. Ap. 24c, cf. Vett. Val. 67.5, etc.; applied to the 'genius' of Socrates, X. Mem. 1.1.2, Pl. Ap. 40a, Tht. 151a, Euthphr. 3b.

2. evil spirit, δ. φαῦλα Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.338, cf. LXX De. 32.17, To. 3.8, Matthew 7:22, al., PMag.Lond. 1.46.120 (iv A. D.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δαιμόνιον , -ου , τό

(neut. of δαιμόνιος , -α , -ον , divine),

[in LXX (so also in Papyri; v. MM, Exp., x) for H7700, H457, (freq. in To);]

1. as in cl.;

(a) the Divine power, Deity (Hdt., Plat., al.);

(b) an inferior divinity, deity or demon (as in magical Papyri, Deiss., BS, 281; MM, Exp., x): ξένα δ ., Acts 17:18.

2. (a) in OT, heathen deities, false gods (e.g. Deuteronomy 32:17, Psalms 96:5);

(b) in NT, evil spirits, demons: θύουσιν δαιμονίοις , 1 Corinthians 10:20; διδασκαλίαι δαιμονίων , 1 Timothy 4:1; προσκυνεῖν τὰ δ ., Revelation 9:20; ἄρχων τῶν δ ., Matthew 9:34; especially (syn. with πνεῦμα ἀκάαρτον ) as operating upon and "possessing" (of. δαιμονίζομαι ) men: Matthew 11:18, et al.; εἰσέρχεσθαι δ . εἰς . . ., Luke 8:30; δ . ἔχειν , Luke 4:33; δ . ἐκβάλλειν , Matthew 7:22 In the phrase πνεῦμα δαιμονίου ἀκαθάρτου , Luke 4:33, the wider cl. usage (1. b) is recognised, ἀκ . being elsewhere in NT, the epithet of πν ., and δ . = πν . ἀκ . (v. ICC, in 1; Cremer, 168).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The old adj. may be seen in OGIS 383.175 (i/B.C.) where Antiochus of Commagene dedicates temple slaves κατὰ δαιμόνιον βούλησιν .

Syll 924 .14 (B.C. 210–5) τᾶς εἰς τὸ δαιμόνιον εὐσεβείας , and similarly 279.15 (c. B.C. 193) τῆς συναντωμένης ἡμεῖν εὐμενίας διὰ ταῦτα παρὰ τοῦ δαιμονίου (following τῆς πρὸς τοὺς θεοὺς εὐσεβείας , and succeeded by τὴν ἡμετέραν εἰς τὸ θεῖον προτιμίαν ) are witnesses to the growing sense in later Hellas of the unity of the Divine. Paul’s solitary τὸ θεῖον in Acts 17:29 is the only NT passage which recalls this impersonal conception. The ";Septuagint Memorial"; from Hadrumetum of iii/A.D., published by Deissmann BS, p. 271 ff., opens with an adjuration to the demonic spirit of the tomb on which the spell was laid—ὁρκίζω σε , δαιμόνιον πνεῦμα τὸ ἐνθάδε κείμενον , τῷ ὀνόματι τῷ ἁγίῳ Αωθ κτλ ., where the editor refers to the belief of post-biblical Judaism that the δαιμόνια stay beside the grave, and compares the Gospel idea that the demons reside in lonely and desert regions (Matthew 12:43 : cf. Mark 5:3 and see Baruch 4:35). The magic papyrus P Lond 46.120 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 69 f.) has εἰσάκουσόν μου καὶ ἀπόστρεψο [ν ] τὸ δαιμόνιον τοῦτο , and later 164 ὑπόταξόν μοι πάντα τὰ δαιμόνια ἵνα μοι ᾖν ὑπήκοος πᾶς δαίμων οὐράνιος καὶ αἰθέριος καὶ ἐπίγειος καὶ χερσαῖο [ς ] καὶ ἔνυδρος . That a magic document by a writer who knows Judaism, perhaps even Christianity, should use δαιμόνιον of an evil spirit is, of course, not strange. The noun may be quoted from Vettius Valens : thus p. 67.5 ὑπὸ δαιμονίων καὶ φαντασίας εἰδώλων χρηματισθήσονται , where it is clearly something weird. Elsewhere he uses it much as τὸ θεῖον , as p. 355.15 δυνάμενος τυχεῖν ὧν μὴ ἐβούλετο τὸ δαιμόνιον παρέχειν .

It may be noted that in Luke 4:35 D δαιμόνιον has a masc. predicate—ῥείψας αὐτὸν τὸ δαιμόνιον , and that in Luke 9:1 D it is feminine—ἐπὶ πᾶσαν δαιμόνιον : see Wellhausen Einleitung, p. 12.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δαιμον΄ δαιμονια δαιμόνια δαιμονιοις δαιμονίοις Δαιμονιον Δαιμόνιον δαιμονιου δαιμονίου δαιμονιων δαιμονίων daimonia daimónia daimoniois daimoníois Daimonion daimoniōn daimoníon daimoníōn Daimónion daimoniou daimoníou
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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