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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1143 - δάκνω

a prolonged form of a primary root
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  1. to bite with the teeth
  2. metaph., to wound the soul, cut lacerate, rend with reproaches
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5391 ‑ נָשַׁךְ (naw‑shak');  8313 ‑ שָׂרַף (saw‑raf');  
Frequency Lists
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The Lexham English Bible
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


ing chariot, X. Cyr. 2.2.26: so metaph., νωμᾷ δικαίῳ πηδαλίῳ στρατόν Pi. P. 1.86; δικαιόταται ἀντιρροπαί Hp. Art. 7; δικαιότατα μοχλεύειν ibid.: hence, fair, impartial, βάσανος Antipho 1.8; συγγραφεύς Luc. Hist.Conscr. 39. legally exact, precise, τῷ δικαιοτάτῳ τῶν λόγων to speak quite exactly, Hdt. 7.108, cf. Th. 3.44; of Numbers, αἱ ἑκατὸν ὀργυιαὶ δίκαιαι Hdt. 2.149. Adv. -αίως, πάντα δ. ὑμῖν τετήρηται D. 21.3; δ. ἐξετάζειν ib.154.

2. lawful, just, esp. τὸ δ. right, opp. τὸ ἄδικον, Hdt. 1.96, A. Pr. 189 (lyr.), etc.; τὸ δ. τὸ νόμιμον καὶ τὸ ἴσον Arist. EN 1129a34; δ. διορθωτικόν, διανεμητικόν, ib. 1131b25, 27; τὸ πολιτικὸν δ. ib. 1134b18; ἔστι ἐπιεικὲς τὸ παρὰ τὸν γεγραμμένον νόμον δ. Id. Rh. 1374a27, cf. EN 1137b12; καὶ δίκαια κἄδικα Ar. Nu. 99; τὰ ἴσα καὶ τὰ δ. D. 21.67; τοὐμὸν δ. my own right, E. IA 810; ἐλθεῖν ἐπὶ τοῦτο τὸ δ. bring the case to this issue, Antipho 6.24; οὐδὲν τῶν δ. ποιεῖν τινί not to do what is just and right by a man, X. HG 5.3.10; τὰ δ. ἔχειν, λαμβάνειν, receive one's due, Id. An. 7.7.14, 17; τὰ δ. πράττεσθαι πόλιν give a city its deserts, A. Ag. 812; ἐκ τοῦ δικαίου, = δικαίως, Ar. Av. 1435, cf. Th. 2.89; so ἀπὸ τοῦ δικαίου, τῶν δικαίων, Inscr.Prien. 50.8 (ii B. C.), 123.8 (i B. C.); μετὰ τοῦ δ. Lys. 2.12, D. 21.177; τὸ δίκαιον lawful claim, ἃ ἔχομεν δίκαια πρός.. Th. 3.54, cf. D. 21.179, Plu. Lu, etc.; τὰ πρὸς ἀλλήλους δ. mutual obligations or contracts, Plb. 3.21.10; ἐπὶ συγκειμένοις τισὶ δικαίοις on certain agreed terms, D.H. 3.51. Adv. -αίως rightly, justly, Hdt. 6.137; μεῖζον ἢ δ. A. Ag. 376 (lyr.); καὶ δ. καὶ ἀδίκως And. 1.135. I Hippon. 49.6 (cj.), A. Th. 399, etc.: fut. δήξομαι Hp. Nat.Mul. 16, Mul. 1.18 (v.l. δάξεται): pf. δέδηχα Babr. 77: aor. 1 ἔδηξα late, Luc. Asin. 9: aor. 2 (the only tense in Hom.) ἔδᾰκον Batr. 181, Tyrt. 10.32, etc., δάκε Il. 5.493, redupl. δέδακε Revelation 12:15 (Strat.): inf. δακέειν Il. 17.572: Pass., δάκνομαι Thgn. 910: fut. δηχθήσομαι E. Alc. 1100: aor. ἐδήχθην S. Tr. 254, Ar. Ach. 18, etc.; later ἐδάκην Aret. SD 2.2: pf. δέδηγμαι Ar. Ach. 1, etc.; Dor. δεδαγμένος Pi. P. 8.87, Call. Epigr. 50 codd.: bite, of dogs, δακέειν μὲν ἀπετρωπῶντο λεόντων Il. 18.585; of a gnat, ἰσχανάᾳ δακέειν 17.572; στόμιον δ. champ the bit, A. Pr. 1009; χεῖλος ὀδοῦσι δακών, as a mark of stern determination, Tyrt.l.c.: abs., δακὼν ἀνάσχου Men. Sam. 141; δ. στόμα bite one's tongue, so as to refrain from speaking, πρὸ τῶν τοιούτων χρὴ λόγων δ. στόμα A. Fr. 397, cf. S. Tr. 976; δ. ἑαυτόν to bite one's lips for fear of laughing, Ar. Ra. 43; so (by a joke παρὰ προσδοκίαν) δ. θυμόν Id. Nu. 1369; δ. χόλον A.R. 3.1170.

II metaph. of pungent smoke and dust, sting, Ar. Ach. 18, Lys. 298, Pl. 822; δ. ὄμματα, of dry winds, Hp. Aph. 3.17.

III of the mind, bite, sting, δάκε δὲ φρένας Ἕκτορι μῦθος Il. 5.493, cf. Hes. Th. 567; ἔδακε λύπη Hdt. 7.16.a'; συμφορὰ δ. A. Pers. 846; λόφοι δὲ κώδωντ' οὐ δάκνουσ' ἄνευ δορός have no sting, Id. Th. 399; σαίνουσα δάκνεις S. Fr. 885; τὸ δάκνον τῆς συμβουλῆς Jul. Or. 7.207d; of love, πάντες οἱ ἐν ὥρᾳ τὸν φιλόπαιδα δάκνουσι Pl. R. 474d: freq. in Pass., δηχθεῖσα κέντροις.. ἠράσθη E. Hipp. 1303; ἔρωτι δεδαγμένος Call. l.c.; of vexation, δάκνομαι ψυχήν Thgn. 910; συμφορᾷ δεδαγμένοι Pi.l.c.; δέδηγμαι καρδίαν Ar. Ach. 1; ὑπὸ τῆς δαπάνης Id. Numbers 12:1-16; πρός τι, ἐπί τινι, at a thing, S. Ph. 378, X. Cyr. 4.3.3; ὑπὸ τῶν ἐν φιλοσοφίᾳ λόγων Pl. Smp. 218a: c. part., ἐδήχθη ἀκούσας X. Cyr. 1.4.13. (Cf.Skt. dáśati 'bite', Goth. tahjan 'tear'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δάκνω; to bite;

a. properly, with the teeth.

b. metaphorically, to wound the soul, cut, lacerate, rend with reproaches: Galatians 5:15. So even in Homer, Iliad 5, 493 μῦθος δακε φρενας, Menander quoted in Athen. 12, 77, p. 552 e., and times without number in other authors.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δάκνω ,

[in LXX for H5391, Genesis 49:17, al., exc. Deuteronomy 8:15 (H8313);]

to bite: metaph., Galatians 5:15

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

δάκνω survives in MGr δαγκάνω , also δάκνω , with noun δάγκαμα ";a bite,"; which puts it among words which have not changed in 3000 years. But we cannot quote from Κοινή documents. Vettius Valens p. 127.29 has the noun, θηρίων δακετῶν αἰτίαις .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δάκη δακνετε δάκνετε δάκνοντας δάκνοντες δάκνων δεδηγμένος δήξεται δήξονται έδακνεν έδακνον daknete dáknete
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