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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #8313 - שָׂרַף

Transliteration
sâraph
Phonetics
saw-raf'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
2292
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שַׂרְעַפִּים
 
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שָׂרָף
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. to burn
    1. (Qal) to burn
    2. (Niphal) to be burned
    3. (Piel) burner, burning (participle)
    4. (Pual) to be burnt up, be burned

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1143 ‑ δάκνω (dak'‑no);  2289 ‑ θανατόω (than‑at‑o'‑o);  2664 ‑ καταπαύω (kat‑ap‑ow'‑o);  2618 ‑ κατακαίω (kat‑ak‑ah'ee‑o);  2545 ‑ καίω (kah'‑yo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (116)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Leviticus 21
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 9
Judges 5
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 23
Ezekiel 4
Amos 1
Micah 1
BSB (109)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Leviticus 21
Numbers 5
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 9
Judges 5
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 23
Ezekiel 4
Amos 1
Micah 1
CSB (57)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Leviticus 21
Numbers 5
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 9
Judges 5
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 22
Ezekiel 4
Amos 1
Micah 1
ESV (112)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Leviticus 21
Numbers 5
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 9
Judges 5
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 23
Ezekiel 4
Amos 1
Micah 1
KJV (117)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Leviticus 21
Numbers 5
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 9
Judges 5
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 23
Ezekiel 4
Amos 1
Micah 1
LEB (115)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Leviticus 20
Numbers 5
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 9
Judges 5
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 23
Ezekiel 4
Amos 1
Micah 1
LSB (119)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Leviticus 22
Numbers 5
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 9
Judges 5
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 23
Ezekiel 4
Amos 2
Micah 1
N95 (114)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Leviticus 21
Numbers 5
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 9
Judges 5
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 23
Ezekiel 4
Amos 2
Micah 1
NAS (122)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Leviticus 21
Numbers 5
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 9
Judges 5
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 23
Ezekiel 4
Amos 2
Micah 1
NLT (0)
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (116)
Genesis 2
Exodus 4
Leviticus 21
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 6
Joshua 9
Judges 5
1 Samuel 4
2 Samuel 2
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 11
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 5
Nehemiah 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 23
Ezekiel 4
Amos 1
Micah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2512) prx (סרפ SRP) AC: Burn CO: Venom AB: ?: [from: pr- a burning wound]

V) prx (סרפ SRP) - Burn: [df: PrV] KJV (118): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Piel, Participle) burn, kindle, made - Strongs: H5635 (סָרַף), H8313 (שָׂרַף)

Nm ) prx (סרפ SRP) - Seraph: A venomous serpent from its burning venom. [df: PrV] KJV (7): fiery, serpent, seraphim - Strongs: H8314 (שָׂרָף)

Nf1 ) eprx (סרפה SRPH) - Burning: [df: hprV] KJV (13): burn, burning - Strongs: H8316 (שְׂרֵפָה)

hf1 ) eprxm (מסרפה MSRPH) - Burning: [df: hprVm] KJV (2): burning - Strongs: H4955 (מִשְׂרָפוֹת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׂרַף117 verb burn (70t. + בָּאֵשׁ, 2t. + בְּמוֺאֵֿשׁ) (Late Hebrew (rare) = Biblical Hebrew; Assyrian šarâpu; Aramaic שְׂרַף (rare); is absorb, consume); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׂ Joshua 11:9 +, 3 feminine singular suffix שְׂרָפָ֫חַם Isaiah 47:14, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׂרֹף Numbers 19:5 2t., more often וַיִּשְׂרֹף Exodus 32:20 +, 2 masculine plural תִּשְׂרְפוּן Deuteronomy 7:5 2t.; Infinitive absolute שָׂרוֺף 2 Samuel 23:7; construct שְׂרֹף Jeremiah 36:25 +; suffix שָׂרְפוֺ Judges 9:52; Amos 2:1; Participle active שׂרֵף Leviticus 16:28; Numbers 19:8, plural שׂרְפִים 2 Kings 17:31; passive masculine plural שְׂרֻפִים Numbers 17:4; feminine singular שְׂרוּפָה 1 Samuel 30:3, שְׂרֻפָה Psalm 80:17, plural שְׂרוּפוֺת Nehemiah 3:24, construct שְׂרֻפוֺת Isaiah 1:7; — burn (59t. + בָּאֵשׁ, 2t. + בְּמוֺאֵֿשׁ):

1 in making bricks, + לִשְׂרֵפָה Genesis 11:3 (J; object omitted).

2. a. with accusative of thing, usually to destroy, e.g. door Judges 9:52, house Judges 12:1; 1 Kings 16:18 (both with עַל person), Jeremiah 39:8 11t., compare passive participle Nehemiah 3:24, city Joshua 6:24; 1 Samuel 30:1,14 16t., compare passive participle 1 Samuel 30:3; Isaiah 1:7, chariots Joshua 11:6,9; 2 Kings 23:11; Psalm 46:10 (subject ׳י), idols, etc., Exodus 32:20 (accusative omitted), Deuteronomy 9:21 10t., roll Jeremiah 36:25,27,28,29,32, wood Isaiah 44:16,19 (both + בְּמוֺאֵֿשׁ), compare Psalm 80:17 (figurative), Jeremiah 51:32, hair Ezekiel 5:4; bones, to lime (as outrage) Amos 2:1; upon altars (in desecration) 1 Kings 13:2; 1 Kings 23:16; 1 Kings 23:20 2 Chronicles 34:5; bodies, as funeral rite 1 Samuel 31:12 (rare custom, RS Semitic i. 353; 2nd ed. 372; but Klo Bu read יִשְׂמְּדוּ [= ׳יִס]; compare Benz Archaeology 163; Ency. Bib. DEAD Now Archaeology i. 188); ׳שׂ as funeral rite also (object omitted, probably spices, compare 2 Chronicles 16:14), with ל person mort. Jeremiah 34:5, + accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׂרֵפָה 2 Chronicles 16:14 (compare שְׂרֵפָה); in ceremonial of P (never of burning sacrifice on altar, הִקְטִיר, compare הֶעְֶלֶה, but) chiefly (14t.) of consuming refuse, especially unused portions of victims, etc. (to prevent use), and infected objects, Exodus 29:14,34 +, sometimes מִחוּץ לַמַּחֲנֶה Leviticus 4:12 (+ עַעֵָֿצִים), Leviticus 4:21 Leviticus 4:21 4t., etc., compare Ezekiel 43:21; also of burning red heifer (to produce ashes for purification) Numbers 19:5 (twice in verse); Numbers 19:3.

b. burn, with accusative of person, (1) as penalty Joshua 7:25 (JE), Judges 14:15; Judges 15:6; Leviticus 20:14, compare Numbers 17:4 (passive participle), Song of Solomon , אֵשׁ subject, Isaiah 47:14, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׂרֵפָה Leviticus 10:6 (P); (2) as sacrifice, Jeremiah 7:31; Jeremiah 19:5; + ל dei Deuteronomy 12:31; 2 Kings 17:31.

Niph`al Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשָּׂרֵף Joshua 7:15 +, 3 feminine plural תִּשָּׂרַפְנָה Proverbs 6:27, etc.; — be burned (11t. + בָּאֵשׁ): of city Jeremiah 38:17 + Jeremiah 38:23 (read תִּשָּׂרֵף for תִּשְׂרֹףᵐ5 ᵑ6ᵑ7 Hi Ew Gf Gie Du), idols, etc., Micah 1:7; 1 Chronicles 14:12; ritually (compare Qal 2 a near the end) Leviticus 4:12; Leviticus 6:23; Leviticus 7:17,19; Leviticus 13:52; Leviticus 19:6; of person, as penalty Genesis 38:24 (J), Joshua 7:15 (JE), 2 Samuel 23:7 (poetry), Leviticus 21:9 (H).

Pi`el Participle suffix מְסָֽרְפוֺ Amos 6:10 his burner, usually one burning him, but probably burning spices for him, see Dr and compare

Qal above

Pu`al Perfect 3 masculine singular שֹׂרָ֑ף, of goat Leviticus 10:16 it was burnt up (and gone).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׂרַף fut. יִשְׂרֹף.

(1) prop. to suck in, to absorb, to drink in (fchlürfen), to swallow down, i.q. Ch. שְׂרַף, and Syr. ܣܪܦ, see Middeldorpf, Curæ Hexapl. in Job., p. 15; compare under the root שָׂפָה. Hence

(2) to absorb with fire, i.e. to burn, to consume, as towns, houses, altars, Leviticus 4:21, 8:17 9:11 often with the addition of בָּאֵשׁ Joshua 11:9, 11 Joshua 11:11; Judges 18:27; 2 Kings 23:11, 25:9. Used of the burning of a corpse at the funeral, Jeremiah 34:5 also to burn, and to bake (bricks) by burning, Genesis 11:3.

Niphal, Leviticus 4:12, and

Pual, pass. of No. 2, Leviticus 10:16.

Derivatives, שְׂרֵפָה, מִשְׂרָפָה and perhaps שָׂרָף.

II.

שָׂרַף i.q. Arab. سرف and سَرُوَ to be noble. to be born of a noble race; whence شريف a noble, a prince. Hence שָׂרָף No. II.


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List of Word Forms
הַשְּׂרֻפִ֑ים השרפים וְהַשֹּׂרֵ֣ף וְנִשְׂרְפָ֖ה וְשָֽׂרְפ֛וּ וְשָׂרְפ֣וּ וְשָׂרְפ֤וּ וְשָׂרַ֣ף וְשָׂרַ֥ף וְשָׂרַ֨ף וְשָׂרַפְתָּ֤ וְשָׂרַפְתָּ֥ וְשָׂרַפְתָּ֨ וְתִשָּׂרֵֽף׃ וַֽיִּשְׂרְפֵ֞ם וַֽיִּשְׂרְפֽוּהָ׃ וַֽיִּשְׂרְפוּ֙ וַיִּשְׂרְפ֤וּ וַיִּשְׂרְפ֥וּ וַיִּשְׂרְפָ֣הּ וַיִּשְׂרְפוּ־ וַיִּשְׂרֹ֖ף וַיִּשְׂרֹ֛ף וַיִּשְׂרֹ֣ף וַיִּשְׂרֹ֥ף וַיִּשְׂרֹ֧ף וַיִּשְׂרֹ֨ף וַיִּשָּׂרְפ֖וּ וָאֶשְׂרֹ֣ף וּשְׂרָפ֑וּהָ וּשְׂרָפ֖וּהָ וּשְׂרָפָ֖הּ וּשְׂרָפָ֖ם וּשְׂרָפֻ֣הָ וּשְׂרָפֻ֥הָ וּשְׂרָפוֹ֙ ואשרף והשרף וישרף וישרפה וישרפו וישרפו־ וישרפוה׃ וישרפם ונשרפה ושרף ושרפה ושרפו ושרפוה ושרפם ושרפת ותשרף׃ יִשְׂרְפ֤וּ יִשְׂרְפ֥וּ יִשְׂרְפוּ־ יִשְׂרֹ֥ף יִשְׂרֹֽף׃ יִשְׂרֹֽפוּ׃ יִשָּׂרְפ֖וּ יִשָּׂרְפ֣וּ יִשָּׂרֵ֑ף יִשָּׂרֵ֣ף יִשָּׂרֵֽף׃ ישרף ישרף׃ ישרפו ישרפו־ ישרפו׃ לְשָׂרְפ֥וֹ לִשְׂרֹ֛ף לִשְׂרֹ֧ף לשרף לשרפו נִשְׂרֹ֥ף נשרף שְׂרָפָ֔תַם שְׂרָפָ֖ם שְׂרֹ֖ף שְׂרֹ֣ף שְׂרֻפ֣וֹת שְׂרֻפָ֣ה שְׂרוּפָ֖ה שְׂרוּפֽוֹת׃ שָׂר֥וֹף שָׂרְפ֖וּ שָׂרְפ֛וֹ שָׂרְפ֣וּ שָׂרְפ֥וּ שָׂרַ֔ף שָׂרַ֖ף שָׂרַ֛ף שָׂרַ֜פְתָּ שָׂרַ֣ף שָׂרַ֣פְתִּי שָׂרַ֥ף שָׂרַ֥פְנוּ שֹׂרְפִ֤ים שֹׂרָ֑ף שרוף שרופה שרופות׃ שרף שרפה שרפו שרפות שרפים שרפם שרפנו שרפת שרפתי שרפתם תִּשְׂרְפ֣וּן תִּשְׂרְפ֥וּן תִּשְׂרְפֶ֑נּוּ תִּשְׂרְפֶ֔נּוּ תִּשְׂרֹ֣ף תִּשְׂרֹ֥ף תִּשְׂרֹֽפוּ׃ תִּשָּׂרֵֽף׃ תִשָּׂרֵ֖ף תִשָּׂרַֽפְנָה׃ תשרף תשרף׃ תשרפו׃ תשרפון תשרפנה׃ תשרפנו haś·śə·ru·p̄îm hasseruFim haśśərup̄îm lə·śā·rə·p̄ōw lesareFo ləśārəp̄ōw liś·rōp̄ lisRof liśrōp̄ niś·rōp̄ nisRof niśrōp̄ śā·rap̄ śā·rap̄·nū śā·rap̄·tā śā·rap̄·tî śā·rə·p̄ōw śā·rə·p̄ū śā·rō·wp̄ saRaf saRafnu saRafta saRafti śārap̄ śārap̄nū śārap̄tā śārap̄tî sareFo sareFu śārəp̄ōw śārəp̄ū saRof śārōwp̄ śə·rā·p̄ā·ṯam śə·rā·p̄ām śə·rōp̄ śə·ru·p̄āh śə·rū·p̄āh śə·ru·p̄ō·wṯ śə·rū·p̄ō·wṯ seraFam seraFatam śərāp̄ām śərāp̄āṯam seRof śərōp̄ seruFah seruFot śərup̄āh śərūp̄āh śərup̄ōwṯ śərūp̄ōwṯ śō·rāp̄ śō·rə·p̄îm soRaf śōrāp̄ soreFim śōrəp̄îm tiś·rə·p̄en·nū tiś·rə·p̄ūn tiś·rō·p̄ū tiś·rōp̄ ṯiś·śā·rap̄·nāh tiś·śā·rêp̄ ṯiś·śā·rêp̄ tisreFennu tisreFun tiśrəp̄ennū tiśrəp̄ūn tisRof tisRofu tiśrōp̄ tiśrōp̄ū tissaRafnah ṯiśśārap̄nāh tissaRef tiśśārêp̄ ṯiśśārêp̄ ū·śə·rā·p̄āh ū·śə·rā·p̄ām ū·śə·rā·p̄ōw ū·śə·rā·p̄u·hā ū·śə·rā·p̄ū·hā useraFah useraFam useraFo useraFuha ūśərāp̄āh ūśərāp̄ām ūśərāp̄ōw ūśərāp̄uhā ūśərāp̄ūhā vaesRof vaiyisreFah vaiyisreFem vaiyisreFu VaiyisreFuha vaiyisRof vaiyissareFu vehassoRef venisreFah vesaRaf vesarafTa vesareFu vetissaRef wā’eśrōp̄ wā·’eś·rōp̄ way·yiś·rə·p̄āh way·yiś·rə·p̄êm way·yiś·rə·p̄ū way·yiś·rə·p̄ū- way·yiś·rə·p̄ū·hā way·yiś·rōp̄ way·yiś·śā·rə·p̄ū wayyiśrəp̄āh wayyiśrəp̄êm wayyiśrəp̄ū wayyiśrəp̄ū- wayyiśrəp̄ūhā wayyiśrōp̄ wayyiśśārəp̄ū wə·haś·śō·rêp̄ wə·niś·rə·p̄āh wə·śā·rap̄ wə·śā·rap̄·tā wə·śā·rə·p̄ū wə·ṯiś·śā·rêp̄ wəhaśśōrêp̄ wəniśrəp̄āh wəśārap̄ wəśārap̄tā wəśārəp̄ū wəṯiśśārêp̄ yiś·rə·p̄ū yiś·rə·p̄ū- yiś·rō·p̄ū yiś·rōp̄ yiś·śā·rə·p̄ū yiś·śā·rêp̄ yisreFu yiśrəp̄ū yiśrəp̄ū- yisRof yisRofu yiśrōp̄ yiśrōp̄ū yissaRef yissareFu yiśśārêp̄ yiśśārəp̄ū
 
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