Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1176 - δέκα
δέκᾰ, οἱ, αἱ, τά,
indecl., ten, Il. 2.372, Od. 9.160, etc.; οἱ δ. the Ten, Isoc. 18.6; ἡ τῶν δ. τυραννίς Arist. Ath. 41.2; also οἱ δ. the Attic Orators, Philostr. VS 2.1.14; τὰ δέκα [ἔτη] ἀφ' ἥβης those who are ten years past 20 (the age of military service), X. HG 3.4.23; δ. ἄνδρες, = Lat. decemviri, App. Hann. 56: compds. (not in early writers, but usu. in Hellenistic Gr.) δεκᾰ-είς, Tab.Heracl. 2.34, Plu. Numbers 3:1-51
δέκα , οἱ , αἱ , τά ,
ten: Matthew 20:24, al.; θλίψις ἡμερῶν δ ., i.e. of brief duration: Revelation 2:10. †
† δεκα -οκτώ ,
T for δέκα ὀκτώ ,
eighteen: Luke 13:4.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The indeterminate use of δέκα to denote simply a period of time, which is found in Biblical Greek (Genesis 24:55, Numbers 11:19, Daniel 1:14, Revelation 2:10), may be illustrated from P Petr III. 36 verso.5 where a prisoner complains that he has been harshly treated in prison—λιμῶι παραπολλύμενος μῆνές εἰσιν δέκα , ";perishing from hunger for the last ten months";; and from a more literary source in the Mimes of Herodas I. 24—δέκ᾽ εἰσὶ μῆνες , during which a husband, who has gone on a journey to Egypt, does not write to his wife. See further Lumbroso in Archiv iv. p. 319 f., where some parallels are quoted from literary Κοινή . Of course there is no proof that the above is not to be taken literally.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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