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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1194 - δέρω

Transliteration
dérō
Phonetics
der'-o
Origin
a root word
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to flay, skin
  2. to beat, thrash, smite
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6584 ‑ פָּשַׁט (paw‑shat');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (15)
Matthew
1
Mark
3
Luke
5
John
1
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
1
NAS (16)
Matthew
1
Mark
3
Luke
6
John
1
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
1
HCS (15)
Matthew
1
Mark
3
Luke
5
John
1
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
1
BSB (15)
Matthew
1
Mark
3
Luke
5
John
1
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
1
ESV (10)
Mark
1
Luke
3
John
1
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
1
WEB (15)
Matthew
1
Mark
3
Luke
5
John
1
Acts
3
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δέρω

Ar. V. 485, Pl. Euthd. 285c, etc.: also δείρω Hdt. 2.39, Ar. Nu. 442, Av. 365, Cratin. 361: impf. ἔδερον Il. 23.167, δέρον Od. 8.61: fut. δερῶ Ar. Eq. 370: aor. ἔδειρα Il. 2.422, (ἀπ-) Hdt. 5.25, (ἐκ-) Pl. R. 616a: Med., v. ἀναδέρω: — Pass., fut. δᾰρήσομαι Mark 13:9, POxy. 653b (ii A.D.): aor. ἐδάρην [ ] Men. Mon. 422, (ἀπ-) X. An. 3.5.9, (ἐκ-) Hdt. 7.26; part. δαρθείς Nicoch. 8: pf. δέδαρμαι (v. infr.):

I

1. skin, flay, of animals, δ. βοῦς Il. 23.167: prov., κύνα δ. δεδαρμένην 'flog a dead horse', Pherecr. 179; ἀσκὸς δεδάρθαι to have one's skin flayed off, Sol. 33.7; δερῶ σε θύλακον κλοπῆς I will make a thief's purse of your skin, Ar. Eq. 370: prov., πρὶν ἐσφάχθαι δέρεις 'first catch your hare, then cook it', Eust. 1792.45; ἀέρα δέρειν 'plough the sands', Id. 1215.50, Suid.

2. Anat., separate by avulsion, Herophil. ap. Gal. 2.349.

II colloquially, cudgel, thrash, δέδοκταί μοι δέρεσθαι καὶ δέρειν δι' ἡμέρας Ar. V. 485, cf. Nu. 442, POxy. l.c. (ii A. D., Pass.): prov., ὁ μὴ δαρεὶς ἄνθρωπος οὐ παιδεύεται 'spare the rod and spoil the child', Men. l. c., cf. SIG 1109.91 (ii A.D.): metaph., εἰς πρόσωπόν τινα δ. 2 Corinthians 11:20. (Cf. Lith. derù 'flay', Skt. dṛṇâ´ti 'split'.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δέρω ,

[in LXX: Leviticus 1:6, 2 Chronicles 29:34; 2 Chronicles 35:11 (H6584 hi.)*;]

1. to skin, flay.

2. (of. Eng. slang, hide) to beat, thrash: c. acc, Matthew 21:35, Mark 12:3; Mark 12:5, Luke 20:10-11; Luke 22:63, John 18:23, Acts 5:40; Acts 16:37; Acts 22:19; ὡς ἀέρα δέρων , 1 Corinthians 9:26; εἰς πρόσωπου δ ., 2 Corinthians 11:20. Pass., Mark 13:9, Luke 12:47-48 (δαρήσεται πολλάς , ὀλίγας , Sc. πληγάς ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy III. 653 (b) (before A.D. 161) shows us this word in its colloquial sense—first found in Aristophanes—of ";beat,"; ";thrash"; instead of ";flay."; In the account of a trial regarding a mortgage upon the property of Voltimus which had been seized by the creditor, Sempronius Orestinus, the Praefect informs the latter that unless he makes restitution—οὐ μόνον κατακριθήσει ἀλλὰ καὶ δαρήσ [ει . So in Syll 737.91 (c. A.D. 175) ἔστω δὲ τὰ αὐτὰ ἐπιτείμια καὶ τῷ δαρέντι καὶ μὴ ἐπεξελθόντι παρὰ τῷ ἱερεῖ ἢ τω ̣̑ ἀρχιβάκχῳ , ἀλλὰ δημοσίᾳ ἐνκαλέσαντι : the δαρείς here has been called ὁ πληγείς a little earlier. It may be noted that for the ordinary rendering of 2 Corinthians 11:20 εἴ τις εἰς πρόσωπον ὑμᾶς δέρει , ";if any one smiteth you on the face,"; Paspati suggests (see Exp III. i. p. 238) ";if he upbraideth you to your face,"; in view of the MGr προσωποδέρει . The ordinary MGr verb δέρνω (aor. ἔδειρα ) = ";whip,"; ";beat.";

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δαρησεσθε δαρήσεσθε δαρησεται δαρήσεται δείραι δειραντες δείραντες δερει δέρει δερεις δέρεις δεροντες δέροντες δερων δέρων εδειραν έδειραν ἔδειραν daresesthe darēsesthe darḗsesthe daresetai darēsetai darḗsetai deirantes deírantes derei dérei dereis déreis deron derōn déron dérōn derontes dérontes edeiran édeiran
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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