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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #12 - ἄβυσσος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1) (as a negative particle) and a variation of (G1037)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. bottomless
  2. unbounded
  3. the abyss
    1. the pit
    2. the immeasurable depth
    3. of Orcus, a very deep gulf or chasm in the lowest parts of the earth used as the common receptacle of the dead and especially as the abode of demons
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4688 ‑ מְצוּלָה ((1,2) mets‑o‑law', (3,4) mets‑oo‑law');  6683 ‑ צוּלָה (tsoo‑law');  7338 ‑ רַחַב (rakh'‑ab);  8415 ‑ תְּהֹם (teh‑home', teh‑home');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (9)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Revelation 7
NAS (9)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Revelation 7
HCS (9)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Revelation 7
BSB (9)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Revelation 7
ESV (9)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Revelation 7
WEB (9)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Revelation 7
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄβυσσος, ον,

I bottomless, unfathomed, πηγαί Hdt. 2.28; ἄτης ἄβυσσον πέλαγος A. Supp. 470; χάσματα E. Ph. 1605; λίμνη Ar. Ra. 137: generally, unfathomable, boundless, πλοῦτος A. Th. 948; ἀργύριον Ar. Lys. 174; φρένα Δίαν καθορᾶν, ὄψιν ἄβυσσον A. Supp. 1058.

II ἡ ἄ. the great deep, LXX Genesis 1:2, etc.: the abyss, underworld, Luke 8:31, Romans 10:7, Revelation 9:1, etc.; the infinite void, PMag.Par. 1.1120, cf. PMag.Lond. 121.261.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄβυσσος, in classic Greek an adjective, (ος, (from βύσσος equivalent to βυθός), bottomless (so perhaps in Wis. 10:19), unbounded (πλοῦτος ἄβυσσος, Aeschylus, the Sept. (931) 950). in the Scriptures ἄβυσσος (the Sept. for תְּהום) namely, χώρα, the pit, the immeasurable depth, the abyss. Hence, of 'the deep' sea: Genesis 1:2; Genesis 7:11; Deuteronomy 8:7; Sir. 1:3 Sir. 16:18, etc.; of Orcus (a very deep gulf or chasm in the lowest parts of the earth: Psalm 70:20 () ἐκ τῶν ἀβύσσων τῆς γῆς, Euripides, Phoen. 1632 (1605) ταρτάρου ἄβυσσα χάσματα, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 20, 5 [ET] ἀβύσσων ἀνεξιχνίαστα κλίματα, ibid. 59, 3 [ET] ἐπιβλέπων ἐν ταῖς ἀβύσσοις, of God; (Act. Thom.32 τήν ἄβυσσον τοῦ ταρτάρου οἴκων, of the dragon)), both as the common receptacle of the dead, Romans 10:7, and especially as the abode of demons, Luke 8:31; Revelation 9:1; Revelation 9:11; Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:1, 3. Among secular authors used as a substantive only by Diogenes Laërtius 4 (5) 27 κατῆλθες εἰς μέλαιναν Πλουτέως ἄβυσσον. Cf. Knapp, Scripta var. Arg., p. 554f; (J. G. Müller, Philo's Lehre von der Weltschöpfung, p. 173f; B. D. American edition under the word ).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

-βυσσος , -ον

(<Ion. βυσσός = βυθός ),

1. in cl., boundless, bottomless (e.g. . πέλαγος , . πλοῦτος , Æsch.).

2. [In LXX (for H8415, Genesis 1:2, al.; exc. Isaiah 44:27, Job 41:22 for H6683, H4688, Job 36:16 for H7338) and] NT, as subst. (MM, VGT, s.v.), ἡ ἄ . (sc. χώρα ), the abyss;

(a) of the sea (Genesis 1:2);

(b) of the underworld, as the abode of the dead: Romans 10:7 (a paraphrase of Deuteronomy 30:13 LXX); as the abode of demons, Luke 8:31 Revelation 9:1-2; Revelation 9:11 Revelation 11:7 Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:1-3 (Cremer, 2).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

As a substantive (Romans 10:7, Revelation 9:1 etc.) . is common in the magic papyri, e.g. P Lond 121.261 (iii/A.D.) ( = I. p. 93) ἐπὶ τῆς ἀβύσσου, ib..517 ( = I. p. 100) τῇ καλουμένῃ ἀβύσσῳ. See also Nägeli, p. 46.

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
άβυσσοι αβύσσοις αβυσσον άβυσσον ἄβυσσον άβυσσος αβυσσου αβύσσου ἀβύσσου αβύσσους αβύσσω αβύσσων abusson abussou abysson ábysson abyssou abýssou
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