the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1208 - δεύτερος
- the second, the other of two
δεύτερος, α, ον, second, (perh. from δύο with Comp. termination):
1. next in Order (with a notion of Time), in Il. (not in Od.) of one who comes in second in a race, 23.265; δ. ἐλθεῖν 22.207; δ. αὖτ'.. προΐει.. ἔγχος next, 20.273, etc.; οὔ μ' ἔτι δ. ὧδε ἵξετ' ἄχος no second grief, i.e. none hereafter like this, 23.46; as Comp., c. gen., ἐμεῖο δεύτεροι after my time, ib. 248; σοὶ δ' οὐκέτι δ. ἔσται no second choice will be allowed thee, Hes. Op. 34; in Att. and Trag. with Art., ὁ δ. S. OC 1315, etc.; αἱ δ. πως φροντίδες σοφώτεραι second thoughts are wisest, E. Hipp. 436: prov., δ. πλοῦς the next best way, Pl. Phd. 99d, etc.; ὁ δ. πλοῦς ἐστι δήπου λεγόμενος, ἂν ἀποτύχῃ τις οὐρίου, κώπαισι πλεῖν Men. 241.
2. of Time, next, later, δ. χρόνῳ in after time, Pi. O. 1.43; δ. ἡμέρῃ on the next day, Hdt. 1.82; δ. ἔτεϊ τούτων in the year after this, Id. 6.46: neut. as Adv., δεύτερον αὖ, αὖτε, αὖτις, a second time, Il. 3.332, 191, Od. 9.354; ἐν τᾷ δ. ἐκκλησίᾳ SIG 644.20: with the Art., τὸ δ. Sapph. Supp. 4.11, Hdt. 1.79, A. Ag. 1082, X. Cyr. 2.2.1: also pl., Hdt. 3.53, 9.3; τὰ δ. κινδυνεύσοντας about to run the next dangers, Th. 6.78; later, ἐκ δευτέρου for the second time, Mark 14:72, Dsc. 5.87.10; ἐκ δευτέρης Babr. 114.5, cf. PStrassb. 100.22 (ii B. C.): regul. Adv. δευτέρως Pl. Lg. 955e, Sallust. 18, etc. ὁ δ. the younger, BGU 592.10 (ii A. D.).
1. in Order or Rank (without any notion of Time), second, δ.μετ' ἐκεῖνον Hdt. 1.31, cf. S. Ph. 1442, etc.; πολὺ δ. Id. OC 1228 (lyr.); πολὺ δ. μετά τι very much behind, Th. 2.97; μετὰ τὸ πλουτεῖν δ. Antiph. 144.9: c. gen., δ. οὐδενός second to none, Hdt. 1.23, Plb. 31.27.16; δ. παιδὸς σῆς E. Tr. 618; πάντα τἄλλα δεύτερ' ἦν τῶν προσδοκιῶν D. 19.24; πρὸς τὰ χρήματα θνητοῖσι τἄλλα δεύτερ' S. Fr. 354.5; τὰ ἄλλα πάντα δ. τε καὶ ὕστερα λεκτέον Pl. Phlb. 59c; logically or metaphysically posterior, πᾶν πλῆθος δ. ἐστι τοῦ ἑνός Procl. Inst. 5, cf. 36, Dam. Pr. 126, al.; δεύτερ' ἡγεῖσθαι think quite secondary, S. OC 351; δεύτερον ἄγειν, δεύτερα ποιεῖσθαι, Luc. Symp. 9, Plu. 2.162e; ἐν δευτέρῳ τίθεσθαι Id. Fab. 24, cf. Jul. Or. 8.242b; ἱερὸν δ. of the second class, OGI 56.59 (iii B. C.), etc.
2. the second of two, δ. αὐτή herself with another, Hdt. 4.113, cf. AB 89; ἑπτὰ δ. σοφοί a second seven sages, Euphro 1.12; εἷς καὶ δ. unus et alter, Hdn.Gr. 2.934; εἷς ἢ δ. Jul. Or. 6.190d; ἕν τι.. ἢ δεύτερον D.Chr. 33.7; δ. καὶ τρίτος two or three, Plb. 26.1.1.; neut. as Adv., ἅπαξ καὶ δεύτερον once or twice, Jul. ad Ath. 278c.
3. δ. ἀριθμός number whose prime factors are odd, Nicom. Ar. 1.12.
III as Subst.,
1. τὰ δ., = δευτερεῖα, the second prize or place, Il. 23.538; τὰ δ. φέρεσθαι Hdt. 8.104.
2. after-birth, Dsc. 1.48,50.
3. δευτέρα σαββάτου (sc. ἡμέρα) second day of the week, LXX Psalms 47:1-9(48) tit.
δεύτερος, δευτέρᾳ, δεύτερον (from Homer down; Curtius, § 277), second: Matthew 22:26; Mark 12:21; Luke 12:38; John 4:54; Revelation 4:7, etc.; the second, the other of two: Matthew 22:39; Mark 12:31; 1 Corinthians 15:47; Titus 3:10; 2 Peter 3:1; Hebrews 8:7; Hebrews 10:9; δεύτερος θάνατος (see θάνατος, 3), Revelation 2:11; Revelation 20:14; Revelation 21:8; δευτέρᾳ χάρις in 2 Corinthians 1:15 is not a double benefit, but a second, opposed to the former which the Corinthians would have had if Paul in passing through Achaia into Macedonia had visited them πρότερον (WH text Tr marginal reading read δεύτερον χαράν, which see). The neuter δεύτερον is used adverbially in the second place, a second time (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 37, 5 Note 1): John 3:4; Revelation 19:3; πάλιν is added, as often in Greek writers (see ἄνωθεν, at the end): John 21:16; also τό δεύτερον, 2 Corinthians 13:2; Jude 1:5; ἐκ δευτέρου (1 Macc. 9:1), Mark 14:72; John 9:24; Acts 11:9; Hebrews 9:28; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 51, 1d.; with πάλιν added, Matthew 26:42; Acts 10:15 (Homer, Odyssey 3, 161 ἐπί δεύτερον ἀυτις); έ᾿ντω δευτέρῳ at the second time, Acts 7:13 (when they had come the second time); δεύτερον in a partition then, in the second place: 1 Corinthians 12:28.
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δεῦτερος , -α , -ον ,
second in order, with or without idea of time: Matthew 22:26; Matthew 22:39, al.; θάνατος , Revelation 2:11; Revelation 20:14; Revelation 21:8; χάρις , 2 Corinthians 1:15. In neut. as adv., secondly, a second time; opp. to πρῶτον : John 3:4; John 21:16, 1 Corinthians 12:28, Revelation 19:3; τὸ δ ., 2 Corinthians 13:2, Judges 1:5; ἐν τ . δ ., at the second time: Acts 7:13; in later usage (as 1 Maccabees 9:1), ἐκ δ ., Mark 14:72, John 9:24, Acts 11:9, Hebrews 9:28.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For δεύτερον = ";in the second place,"; as in 1 Corinthians 12:28, cf. P Tebt I. 56.10 (late ii/B.C.) καλῶς οὖν ποήσῃς εὐχαριστῆσαι πρῶτον μὲν τοῖς θεοῖς δεύτερον δὲ σῶσαι ψυχὰς πολλάς κτλ ., ";please therefore in the first place to give thanks [?—see s. v. εὐχαριστέω ] to the gods and secondly to save many lives, etc."; (Edd.) In P Tebt II. 297.19 (c. A.D. 123) we find ἐγ δευτέρου = ";a second time,"; as in Mark 14:72 al. OGIS 299.17 (c. B.C. 170) τῆι δεύτερον ἡμέραι is defended by Kaibel ap. Dittenberger in loc., appealing to IMAe I. 155.28 τᾶι δεύτερον ἁμέραι μετὰ τὰ ἱερά , and the analogy of τῷ ὕστερον ἔτει and ἡ σήμερον ἡμέρα . In MGr δευτέρα is ";Monday"; (ἡ δεύτερη = 2nd, fem. of δεύτερος and sharing its accent).
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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