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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1219 - δημόσιος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1218)
Parts of Speech
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  1. belonging to the people or state, public
  2. publicly, in public places, in full view of all
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Acts 4
NAS (4)
Acts 4
CSB (3)
Acts 3
BSB (4)
Acts 4
ESV (4)
Acts 4
WEB (5)
Acts 5
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. δᾱμ-, α, ον (ος, ον Hp. (v. infr.)),


1. belonging to the people or state, κτέανα Xenoph. 2.8; τὰδ. Hdt. 5.29, Ar. V. 554; δ. χρήματα Cratin. 171; πλοῦτος Th. 1.80; χώρα, opp. ἱερά, ἰδία, Arist. Pol. 1267b34; ἡ δ. τράπεζα IG 22.1013; τὰ ἱερὰ τὰ δ., opp. ἰδιωτικά, SIG 1015.9 (Halic.); ἀγῶνες, δίκαι, Aeschin. 1.2, Arist. Pol. 1320a12; δ. λόγος, = Lat. fiscus, BGU 193.27, OGI 1669.21; δημόσιον εἶναι, γίγνεσθαι, to be, become state-property, be confiscated, Th. 2.13, IG 22.1100.40 (Hadr.), Pl. Lg. 742b, etc.; γῆν δ. ποιεῖν Lys. 18.14. used by the public, βαλανεῖα, λουτρόν, Plb. 26.1.12, Hdn. 1.12.4.

2. common, δημοσιώτατος τρόπος, τόπος, Arist. Top. 162a35, SE 165a5; δημόσιος κακίη epidemic, Hp. 19 (Hermes 53.67).

II as Subst.: δημόσιος (sc. δοῦλος), , any public slave or servant, as, the public crier, Hdt. 6.121; policeman, Ar. Lys. 436; public notary, = γραμματεύς, D. 19.129, etc.; public executioner, D.S. 13.102: generally, public official, τὸν ἀρχέφοδον καὶ τοὺς ἄλλους δημοσίους POxy. 69.13 (ii A. D.). public victim, = φάρμακος, Ar. Eq. 1136, cf. Sch. ad loc. harlot, prostitute, Procop. Arc. 9 (cf. Sapph. 148).

III neut.,

1. δημόσιον, τό, the state, Hdt. 1.14, Aeschin. 3.58; οἱ ἐκ δ. public officials, X. Lac. 3.3. public building, hall, Hdt. 6.52. treasury, = τὸ κοινόν, ἀργύριον ὀφείλοντες τῷ δ. And. 1.73, cf. D. 21.182, Din. 2.2; ὁ ἐκ δ. μισθός Th. 6.31; ἡ ἐκ τοῦ δ. τροφή Pl. R. 465d; τελεῖν εἰς τὸ δ. BGU 1188.12 (Aug.), 1158.18 (i B. C.). the public prison, Th. 5.18.

2. τὰ δ. public archives, OGI 229.108 (Smyrna). public dues, taxes, in pl., PLond. 3.938.11 (iii A. D.), BGU 1018.21 (iii A. D.). fem., δαμοσία (sc. σκηνή), , tent of the Spartan kings: hence οἱ περὶ δαμοσίαν the king's council, X. HG 4.5.8, Lac. 13.7. as Adv.:

1 dat. δημοσία, Ion. -ίῃ, at the public expense, Hdt. 1.30, Ar. Av. 396, etc.; by public consent, D. 21.50; on public service, δ. ἀποδημεῖν Id. 45.3; δ. κρίνειν try in the public courts, And. 1.105; δ. τεθνάναι to die by the hands of the public executioner, D. 45.81.

2. as a community, opp. ἰδίᾳ, Pl. Ap. 30b.

3. commonly, popularly, τὰ δ. νομιζόμενα ἀγαθά Luc. Nigr. 4.

4. regul. Adv. -ίως A.D. Adv. 151.12; on public business, καταπλεῦσαι SIG 520.7 (Naxos, iii B. C.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δημόσιος, δημοσίᾳ, δημοσιον, especially frequent in Attic; belonging to the people or state, public (opposed to ἴδιος): Acts 5:18; in dative feminine δημοσίᾳ used adverbially (opposed to ἰδίᾳ) (cf. Winers Grammar, 591 (549) note), publicly, in public places, in view of all: Acts 16:37; Acts 18:28; δημόσιος καί κατ' οἴκους, Acts 20:20; (2 Macc. 6:10; 3Macc. 2:27; in Greek writings also by public authority, at the public expense).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** δημόσιος , -α , -ον

(< δῆμος ),

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 6:10, 3 Maccabees 2:27; 3 Maccabees 4:7*;]

belonging to the people, public: Acts 5:18; dat. fern, used adverbially (cl.);

(a) at the public expense, by public consent;

(b) publicly: Acts 16:37; Acts 18:28; Acts 20:20.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

δημόσιος is exceedingly common as an epithet for ";public"; officials or property of all kinds. Δημόσιοι are officials : as P Ryl II. 232.8 (ii/A.D.) καὶ οἱ δημόσιοι προσεφώνησαν αὐτῷ ὅτι μένις ἐν τῇ κώ (μῃ ), PSI III. 229.16 (ii/A.D.) τοῖς τῆ ]ς κώμης δημοσίοις καὶ πρεσβυτέροις . Δημόσια are public taxes : as P Lond 951.4 (A.D. 249) (= III. p. 221) τελεῖ τὰ καθήκοντα δ . Ib. 1164e. 10 (A.D. 212) (= III. p. 160) has ῥύμη δημοσία , which like ὁδὸς δ . is very common. Δημόσιοι γεωργοί in Egypt are constantly mentioned : see s.v. γεωργέω . A Leipzig papyrus of Hadrian’s reign (Inv 266.7) has τὴν βασιλικὴν καὶ τὴν δημοσίαν καὶ οὐσιακὴν γῆν : Wilcken (Archiv v. p. 245) would drop the second τήν or add a third. P Flor I. 6.5 (A.D. 210) βουλομένου μου κατη [γ ]ορεῖν οὔτε ὄντος (corr. from -ως ) δημοσίου κατηγόρου . P Strass I. 14.21 (A.D. 211) καθαρόν ἀπὸ παντὸς ] ὀφ [ειλ ]ήμα ̣τος δ [ημο ]σ ̣ι ̣ου τε καὶ ἰδιωτι [κοῦ illustrates the most normal antithesis. For Acts 5:18 cf. P Lips Inv 244.5 (A.D. 462) (= Chrest. II. p. 80) ἐκλείσθην εἰς [τ ]ὴν δη [μο ]σ [ίαν ] ε [ ]ρκτ [ ]ν .

For the adverb δημοσίᾳ cf. Syll 807 (after A.D. 138), where three times persons miraculously healed return public thanks—thus.9 καὶ ἐσώθη καὶ δημοσίᾳ ηὐχαρίστησεν τῷ θεῷ καὶ ὁ δῆμος συνεχάρη αὐτῷ . Dittenberger observes that this meaning, ";coram populo,"; is foreign to antiquity. Vettius Valens p. 71.22 ἐὰν δὲ τὰ λοιπὰ συντύχῃ , αἰχμάλωτοι γίνονται καὶ δημοσίᾳ τελευτῶσιν , of public execution. In MGr it makes e.g. the compound δημοσιογραφικός , ";journalistic."; Among its derivatives may be noticed δημοσιεύω ";practise"; (of a doctor), as in classical Greek. So P Oxy I. 40.9 (ii/iii A.D.) εἰ ἰατρὸς εἶ δημοσ ̣[ιεύ ]ων ἐπὶ ταρι [χείᾳ , ";if you are a doctor officially practising mummification"; (Edd.).



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δημοσια δημοσία δημοσίᾳ demosia dēmosia demosíāi dēmosíāi
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