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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1220 - δηνάριον
denarius = "containing ten"
- A Roman silver coin in NT time. It took its name from it being equal to ten "asses", a number after 217 B.C. increased to sixteen (about 3.898 grams or .1375 oz.). It was the principal silver coin of the Roman empire. From the parable of the labourers in the vineyard, it would seem that a denarius was then the ordinary pay for a day's wages. (Matthew 20:2-13
= Lat. denarius (usu. represented by δραχμή (q. v.)), Arr. Epict. 1.4.16, Placit. 4.11.5, etc.; = one tetradrachm, PLond. 2.248.20 (iv A. D.), POxy. 1431.3 (iv A. D.).
*† δηνάριον , -ου , τό ,
the Lat. denarius, a Roman coin, nearly equal to the δραχμή , q.v.: Matthew 18:28; Matthew 20:2; Matthew 20:9; Matthew 20:13; Matthew 22:19, Mark 6:37; Mark 12:15; Mark 14:5, Luke 7:41; Luke 10:35; Luke 20:24, John 6:7; John 12:5, Revelation 6:6; τὸ ἀνὰ δ ., Matthew 20:10.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Ostr 1265.5 (A.D. 187) ἔλαβον παρὰ σοῦ ἀπὸ τιμῆς οἴνου [Κο ]λοφωνίου δηνάρια δύο ὀβολοὶ (l. ὀβολοὺς ) ὀκτώ . In Syll 869.14 (Imperial) θρέψει δὲ καὶ τοῖς υἱοῖς αὐτοῦ Ἀσφ [αλῇ καὶ ] Νουμηνίῳ ἑκάστῳ θρέμμα ἄρρεν , ἢ ἑκάστῳ αὐτῶν ἀνὰ δην (άρια ) ν ̄ : cf. Matthew 20:10 ἔλαβον [τὸ ] ἀνὰ δηνάριον καὶ αὐτοί . In his note on P Lond 248.21 (c. A.D. 346) (= II. p. 306) the editor remarks ";that the term denarius replaces that of drachma, which was regularly in use before the time of Diocletian; the Neronian denarius reintroduced by Diocletian being reckoned as equivalent to the drachma, and as .1/6000 of the talent."; In P Gen I. 11.14 (A.D. 350), according to the emended reading (Preisigke Berichtigungsliste i. p. 158), we have ἐπελευ [σόμενος ἐκτίσ ]ι τῷ ἑτέρῳ ὑπὲρ στροφῆς καὶ ἐπηρίας λ ̣ο ̣γου ἀργυ ̣ρίο ̣υ ̣ δ [ην ]αρ [ί ]ων μυρι ̣άδας κτλ.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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